Muhammadanism is the religion based on the message
and conduct of Muhammad who was born ~570 A.D. and died in the
year of 632 A.D.
Monotheism is the basic theology of Muhammadanism.
Muhammad taught the oneness, the singleness, and the unity of
Allah. Hence, Muhammadanism is one of the world's
monotheistic religions. Secondly, Muhammad taught that
Allah is the Creator of the universe and that nothing is like
Allah in our space-time creation. Essentially, this
means that Allah has no equal and that Allah is supremely and
infinitely exalted above all creatures. Also, it means
that Allah is uncreated and that all creatures owe their
original existence and continued preservation to Allah the
Creator (Al-Khaliq) and the Preserver (Al-Hafiz).
Muhammad taught the existence of angels, jinn, the Judgment of
the Last Day, Paradise for believers, and Hell for
The Creed consists of the Five Pillars that were
prescribed by Muhammad. Although all of the Five Pillars are
crucial to a Muslim believer, the Shahada is probably the most
basic. The Five Pillars are,
1. Shahada (creed). The Shahada is the verbal statement
and a Muslim's public witness saying, "There is only One God
(Allah) and Muhammad is the Messenger of God (Allah)."
2. Salat (prayers). The five prescribed daily prayers
that a Muslim performs.
3. Saum (fasting). Between sunrise and sunset during the
entire month of Ramadan, a Muslim abstains from food,
liquids, and sexual relations if married.
4. Zakat (religious tax). This annual tax is collected to
aid the poor and other beneficiaries.
5. Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). This pilgrimage to Mecca
is required once in a life time if there are adequate means
and health to accomplish the journey.
The Qur'an is the most revered book of Muslim
believers. They believe that the Angel Gabriel recited the
Qur'an to Muhammad. In fact, the word, Qur'an, means Recital.
Muslims believe there is an uncreated book in heaven and that
the Angel Gabriel dictated it to Muhammad. Its chapters
are called suras, and its verses are called ayat (singular
ayah). The suras don't have any logical order with
respect to subject, chronology, or historical events.
Except for the introductory sura, the order is dictated solely
by the length of the sura with the longer suras appearing
before the shorter ones. Scholars have studied the
historical development of the Qur'an and noted its changing
emphasis depending upon whether it was authored when Muhammad
was living in Mecca or Medina.
Hadiths are the written collections of the oral
traditions of the sayings and actions of Muhammad. These
extensive collections provide an abundant reservoir of
material for the religion of Muhammad. An oral tradition
is called an hadith (singular); a collection is an ahadith
(plural). These collections give details of the life of
Muhammad and provide instructions for those who seek to follow
Muhammad as an example for their life. The hadiths are
the heart beat of the legal and culture system of Muslims.
The Shari'ah law is mostly derived from the ancient
collections of hadiths.
Islamization is the logical consequence of
idealizing seventh century Arabic culture. From a Muslim's
perspective, the ancient Arabic cultural mores are the ideal
to which modern societies ought to strive to attain. An
important aspect of the Islamization of a society is the
imposition of these seventh century Arabic cultural ideals and
superstitions upon today's societies. The vehicle to
accomplish Islamization is Shari'ah law. In a
fundamental sense, Islamization is the cultural imperialism of
ancient seventh century Arabic culture upon the nations of
Muhammadanism is a term to which many Muslims
object. They argue that they only follow and worship Allah.
However, their objection does not accurately reflect their
true devotion and study of all aspects of the life of
Muhammad. Just as Christians study the life of Christ,
so Muslims study devotedly the life of Muhammad. The
material on the life of Muhammad is extensive and detailed.
They write poems in praise of Muhammad. They make
pilgrimages to his grave. They try to mimic many aspects
of Muhammad's behavior. Since Muslims agree that
those who accept the message and life of Jesus Christ should
be called Christians; then, in fairness, they should agree
that those who accept the message and life of Muhammad should
be called Muhammadans. The intimate partnership between
Muhammad and Allah are noted in the following quotation.
Ja'far ibn Muhammad as-Sadiq said, "No one mentions you
as the Messenger but that he mentions Me as the Lord."
Some of the people of knowledge, such as al-Mawardi,
suggested that the Station of Intercession was being
referred to by this.
The fact that mention of the Prophet is directly connected
to mention of Allah also shows that obedience to the Prophet
is connected to obedience to Allah and his name to Allah's
name. Allah says, "Obey Allah and His Messenger."
(2:32) and "Believe in Allah and His messenger."
(4:136) Allah joins them together using the conjunction 'wa'
which is the conjunction of partnership. It is not
permitted to use this conjunction in connection with Allah
in the case of anyone except the Prophet."
Hudhayfa said that the Prophet said, "None of you should
say, 'What Allah wills and (wa) so-and-so wills.'
Rather say, 'What Allah wills.' Then stop and say,
Al-Khattabi said, "The Prophet has guided you to
correct behaviour in putting the will of Allah before the
will of others. He chose 'then' (thumma) which
implies sequence and deference as opposed to 'and' (wa)
which implies partnership." 1
Although it is commonly known, it should be noted that
Muhammadanism is not the worship of Muhammad, per se.
Rather, the term signifies the particular teachings of
Muhammad regarding Allah and the ritualistic ordinances that
guide the lives of those who believe that Allah's truth came
to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel. However, Muhammad is viewed
as more than a mere man. He was pre-existent to his
appearance in this world. In contrast to all other human
beings, Muhammad was created from the Light (Nur) of Allah.
This universe was created for the purpose of Muhammad's
appearance in time. All intelligent beings of the vast
universe, including Allah, are to pray blessings upon
Muhammad. The Qur'an notes that Allah and the angels
partner together when they proclaim blessings upon Muhammad.
All believers are instructed to pray with worthy prayers for
Muhammad's exalted blessings. In Muslim theology, no
creature is more exalted and blessed than Muhammad.
Lo! Allah and His angels shower blessings [Salat
(prayer)] on the Prophet. O ye who believe! Ask blessings
[Salat (prayer)] on him and salute him with a worthy
salutation. Sura 33:56 (Pickthal's translation).
Last edited 01-20-2001