The Glory of God
The cloud covered and the glory of God filled the Tabernacle
For everything that was written in the past [Old Testament] was written to teach us, so that through endurance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.
Romans 15:4 (NIV)
لان كل ما سبق فكتب كتب لاجل تعليمنا حتى بالصبر والتعزية بما في الكتب
يكون لنا رجاء.
Summary: The Tabernacle of the Wilderness is a rich source of
spiritual instruction. The visible presence of the glory of God filling and
overshadowing the tabernacle demonstrated its significance to the children
of Israel during their wilderness journey. Afterwards the glory of the God came to Solomon's Temple on Mount Moriah. In the New Testament, the glory of God
is associated with the Lord Jesus Christ.
Our Muslim friends have discarded the precious scriptures of the Al-Mighty Creator of the
Universe, who in His love and grace revealed many
illuminating and divine truths to His ancient prophets, such as Adam, Ibrahim,
and Musa. As a result, they are in spiritual darkness regarding God's
teachings that are
contained within these blessed scriptures. Our prayer is that they
will open their hearts to the valuable lessons that God teaches us in these holy
Because Muslims reject the authentic writings
of the divine
prophets, they don't enjoy the wealth of spiritual truth found in the Old Testament.
Tabernacle & God's glory
The prophet Moses (Musa) wrote that the Shekinah
2 glory of the LORD abode and filled the
Tabernacle during the 40 years of
Israel's wilderness journey. It was a visible and practical demonstration
of God dwelling with His redeemed people. We might ask ourselves, on what basis
could the glory of the LORD fill and overshadow the Tent of Meeting? Surely, it
could not have been the result of Israel's faithfulness in keeping the Holy
Commandments of God, because they sinned frequently during their wilderness journey.
Rather, the grace of God was founded upon sacrificial offerings; and, as a
result, the glory of God could be manifested in connection with Tabernacle and
Then the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the
glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. Moses could not enter the Tent of Meeting because the cloud had settled
(shakan, שָׁכַן) upon it, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. In all the travels of the Israelites, whenever the cloud lifted from above the tabernacle, they would set out; but if the cloud did not lift, they did not set out—until the day it lifted. So the cloud of the LORD was over the tabernacle by day, and fire was in the cloud by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel during all their travels.
Exodus 40:34-38 (NIV)
ثم غطت السحابة خيمة الاجتماع وملأ بهاء الرب المسكن. فلم يقدر موسى ان يدخل خيمة الاجتماع. لان السحابة
(שָׁכַן ، سكينة) عليها وبهاء الرب
ملأ المسكن . وعند ارتفاع السحابة عن المسكن كان بنو اسرائيل يرتحلون في جميع
رحلاتهم . وان لم ترتفع السحابة لا يرتحلون الى يوم ارتفاعها. لان
سحابة الرب كانت على المسكن نهارا. وكانت فيها نار ليلا امام عيون كل بيت اسرائيل
في جميع رحلاتهم.
Muhammad and Sakina
Al-Baqara of the Qur'an refers to the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord,
where it mentions that it was with assurance or tranquility (Sakina, سكينة) which is
an Arabic word that is related to the Hebrew Shakan (abide, rest, שָׁכַן).
Evidently, Muhammad had heard the Arabic Jews refer to the Shekinah that
accompanied the Ark of the Covenant. Since the Arabic and Hebrew words are
similar, Muhammad must have had some vague notion that the Ark was accompanied
with a special sign of tranquility.
And (further) their Prophet said to them: "A Sign of his authority is that there shall come to you the Ark of the covenant, with (an assurance [سكينة])
therein of security from your Lord, and the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron, carried by angels. In this is a symbol for you if ye indeed have
faith." al-Baqarah 2:248 (Yusuf Ali's translation)
And their Prophet said to them, 'The sign of his kingship is
that the Ark will come to you, in it a Shechina from your Lord,
and a remnant of what the folk of Moses and Aaron's folk left behind, the angels
bearing it. Surely in that shall be a sign for you, if you are believers.' (A.J.
وَقَالَ لَهُمْ نِبِيُّهُمْ إِنَّ آيَةَ مُلْكِهِ أَن يَأْتِيَكُمُ التَّابُوتُ فِيهِ سَكِينَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَبَقِيَّةٌ
مِّمَّا تَرَكَ آلُ مُوسَى وَآلُ هَارُونَ تَحْمِلُهُ الْمَلآئِكَةُ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لآيَةً لَّكُمْ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ سورة البقرة ٢: ٢ ٤ ٨
In addition to the Qur'an, the hadiths refer to a cloud that
came over a man and frightened his horse. Muhammad claimed that this cloud
was the As-Sakina, making a possible reference to the Shekinah cloud that
accompanied the Israelites during their wilderness journey.
531. Narrated Al-Bara': A man was reciting Surat Al-Kahf and his
horse was tied with two ropes beside him. A cloud came down and spread over that
man, and it kept on coming closer and closer to him till his horse started
jumping (as if afraid of something). When it was morning, the man came to the
Prophet, and told him of that experience. The Prophet said, "That was As-Sakina
(tranquility) which descended because of (the recitation of) the Qur'an."
Sahih al- Bukhari, Vol. VI, Book LXI. Chapter 11, No. 531, p. 492.
Before the Battle of the Trench, Muhammad lacked peace
and tranquility, so he recited a poem by Ibn Rawaha, praying to Allah for
calmness and Sakina.
Narrated Al-Bara: When it was the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. the
clans) and Allah's Apostle dug the trench, I saw him carrying earth out of the
trench till dust made the skin of his abdomen out of my sight and he was a hairy
man. I heard him reciting the poetic verses composed by Ibn Rawaha while he was
carrying the earth, "O Allah! Without You we would not have been guided, nor
would we have given in charity, nor would we have prayed. So, (O Allah),
please send Sakina (i.e. calmness) upon us and make our feet firm if we meet
the enemy, as they have rebelled against us. And if they intend affliction (i.e.
want to frighten us, and fight against us) then we would not (flee but withstand
them)." The Prophet would then prolong his voice at the last words.
Sahih al- Bukhari, Vol. V, Book LIX. Chapter 28, No. 432, p. 300-301. See
also Vol. VIII, No. 617 and Vol. IX, No. 342.
Since Sakina means calmness and tranquility, this narration is merely a reference to Muhammad's frightened state and his prayer
for peace and calmness before the battle.
In the case of the Israelites, the Shekinah presence of the LORD and the angel
of God protected them from the mighty armies of the Egyptians. The
Israelites did not have to lift a finger, because God was protecting them.
Then the angel of God, who had been traveling in front of
Israel's army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud also moved
from in front and stood behind them,
coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. Throughout the night the cloud
brought darkness to the one side and light to the other side; so neither went
near the other all night long. Exodus 14:19-20 (NIV)
فانتقل ملاك الله السائر امام عسكر اسرائيل وسار وراءهم
. وانتقل عمود السحاب من امامهم ووقف وراءهم .
فدخل بين عسكر المصريين وعسكر اسرائيل وصار السحاب
والظلام واضاء الليل . فلم يقترب هذا الى ذاك كل الليل .
The cloud and the glory of God were manifested when God wrote
the Decalogue upon the two stone tablets.
These are the commandments the LORD proclaimed in a loud voice
to your whole assembly there on the mountain from out of the fire, the cloud
and the deep darkness; and he added nothing more. Then he wrote them on two
stone tablets and gave them to me. Deuteronomy 5:22 (NIV)
هذه الكلمات كلم بها الرب كل جماعتكم في الجبل من وسط النار
والسحاب والضباب وصوت عظيم ولم يزد. وكتبها على لوحين من حجر واعطاني اياها
While there are some vague, limited, and incomplete references
to the Shekinah in the Qur'an and Muslim traditions, the Ka'aba in Mecca lacks a
Sakina tradition that is so outstanding in the case of the Tabernacle and the Temple.
Muhammad had to pray for peace and tranquility (sakina), because he rejected the
true mission of the Prince of Peace (Isaiah 9:6) who promised to give His peace
to those who believe in Him.
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to
you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid.
John 14:27 (NIV)
سلاما اترك لكم .سلامي اعطيكم .ليس كما يعطي العالم
اعطيكم انا .لا تضطرب قلوبكم ولا ترهب .
Temple & God's glory
Next in Israel's history, we read that the glory of the LORD
filled the Temple during its dedication. No longer was worship associated with the Tent of Meeting or the Tabernacle. It was
now associate with the beautiful and magnificent Temple on Mount Moriah where
Abraham had previously sacrificed a ram for Isaac. The
people of Israel had to journey to the sacred Temple for special religious occasions,
such as the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Feast of Weeks, and Feast of Tabernacles
(Exodus 23:14, Deuteronomy 16:16, 2 Chronicles 8:13).
Again, as recorded in 2 Chronicles 7:1-4, when the people offered sacrifices, the glory of God
came and filled the Temple. And, just like the Tabernacle in the wilderness, the Temple is rich with spiritual and
symbolic truth too.
When Solomon finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and
the glory of the LORD filled the temple.
The priests could not enter the temple of the LORD because the glory of the LORD filled it. When all the Israelites saw the fire coming down and the glory of the LORD above the
temple, they knelt on the pavement with their faces to the ground, and they worshiped and gave thanks to the LORD, saying, "He is good; his love endures forever." Then the king
and all the people offered sacrifices before the LORD. 2 Chronicles 7:1-4 (NIV)
وبنو يساكر تولاع وفوّة وياشوب وشمرون اربعة. وبنو تولاع عزّي ورفايا ويريئيل ويحماي ويبسام وشموئيل
رؤوس بيت ابيهم تولاع جبابرة بأس حسب مواليدهم. كان عددهم في ايام داود اثنين
وعشرين الفا وست مئة. وابن عزي يزرحيا وبنو يزرحيا ميخائيل وعوبديا ويوئيل
ويشّيّا خمسة. كلهم رؤوس. ومعهم حسب مواليدهم وبيوت آبائهم جيوش اجناد الحرب ستة
وثلاثون الفا لانهم كثّروا النساء والبنين.٢ اخبار ٧:١-٤
Tragically, the people of Israel were
unfaithful to the grace and privilege that God had extended to
them. As a result, we read in the book of Ezekiel (10:4, 19 and
11:23) that the
glory of God departed from the temple. Thankfully, that is not
the end of the story. As foretold by the prophet Ezekiel, when
the time of millennium blessing comes to the world, the
glory of the LORD will return to a new earthly temple to be
built on Mount Zion in the city of Jerusalem.
The glory of the LORD entered the temple
through the gate facing east.
Then the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner
court, and the glory of the LORD filled the temple. Ezekiel
فجاء مجد الرب الى البيت من طريق الباب المتجه نحو الشرق.
فحملني روح وأتى بي الى الدار الداخلية واذا بمجد الرب قد
ملأ البيت. حزقيال ٤٣:٤-٥
Lord Jesus Christ & God's glory
Several hundred years after the canon of the
Old Testament closed, the glory of God
once again appeared to mark the occasion of the birth of the
Lord Jesus Christ when it shone around the shepherds. As
prophesized throughout the Old Testament, the Lord Jesus Christ was born of the blessed virgin Mary, lived a sinless
life, was the perfect substitutionary sacrifice for the sins,
and is now ascended to glory. Consequently now, we see the
glory of God associated with the Lord Jesus Christ. So, rather
than the glory of God being associated with a tabernacle or a temple
or any other building or holy site, we find God's glory
associated with the person of the Lord Jesus Christ.
An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the
glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified.
Luke 2:9 (NIV)
واذا ملاك الرب وقف بهم ومجد الرب اضاء حولهم فخافوا خوفا
عظيما. لوقا ٢:٩
While on the Mount of Transfiguration, the
appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ became gloriously bright
and a cloud settled upon Him and three of His disciples,
Peter, John, and James. Here again we see the cloud and
the glory of God associated with the Savior.
29 As he was praying, the appearance of his
face changed, and his clothes became as bright as a flash of
34 While he was speaking, a cloud appeared and enveloped them,
and they were afraid as they entered the cloud.
35 A voice came from the cloud, saying, "This is my Son, whom
I have chosen; listen to him." Luke 9:29, 34-35 (NIV)
وفيما هو يصلّي صارت هيئة وجهه متغيرة ولباسه مبيضا
وفيما هو يقول ذلك كانت سحابة فظللتهم .فخافوا عندما
دخلوا في السحابة .
وصار صوت من السحابة قائلا هذا هو ابني الحبيب .له
اسمعوا. لوقا ٩:٢٩ ، ٣٤-٣٥
Before His crucifixion upon the cross of
Calvary, the Lord Jesus promised His disciples that He would
come again in a cloud with great glory. His first coming into
the world was to be the lowly, suffering, sacrificial Lamb of
God, but at His second coming, He will be the judge who judges
the world in righteousness, and then He will reign supreme as Lord of Lords
and King of Kings over the nations of the world. This prophecy
of the Lord Jesus shows him coming as the Son of Man in a cloud
and with great glory.
"At that time the sign of the Son of Man will
appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will
mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of
the sky, with power and great glory. Matthew 24:30 (NIV)
At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud
with power and great glory. Luke 21:27 (NIV)
They will make war against the Lamb, but the Lamb will
overcome them because he is Lord of lords and King of
kings—and with him will be his called, chosen and faithful
followers." Revelation 17:14 (NIV)
وحينئذ تظهر علامة ابن الانسان في السماء .وحينئذ تنوح
جميع قبائل الارض ويبصرون ابن الانسان آتيا على سحاب السماء بقوة ومجد كثير. متى ٢٤:٣٠
وحينئذ يبصرون ابن الانسان آتيا في سحابة بقوة ومجد كثير.
هؤلاء سيحاربون الخروف
والخروف يغلبهم لانه رب الارباب وملك الملوك والذين معه مدعوون ومختارون
ومؤمنون. رؤيا يوحنا
Forty days after his resurrection, the Lord
Jesus Christ arose from the grave and ascended in a cloud to
After he said this, he was taken up before
their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight. Acts
ولما قال هذا ارتفع وهم ينظرون. واخذته سحابة عن
اعينهم. أعمال الرسل
In the book of Acts, the first Christian
martyr, Stephen, saw the glory of God associated with the
resurrected and ascended Lord Jesus Christ.
But Stephen, full of the Holy Spirit, looked up to heaven and saw the
glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God. Acts 7:55 (NIV)
واما هو فشخص الى السماء وهو ممتلئ من الروح القدس فرأى مجد
الله ويسوع قائما عن يمين الله. أعمال الرسل ٧:٥٥
Hence, Christian worship is not directed toward an earthly Qibla of cloth,
wood, or stone. Rather, it is directed towards heaven and the eternal God who has revealed Himself in the person of the Son who wrought eternal redemption that we
might have a personal and living relationship with our blest
and eternal God. Truly, the words of the prophet Isaiah have been fulfilled,
God has visited planet earth as Emmanuel—which means "God with us" (Matthew 1:23). And the glory of the Lord Jesus Christ sets aside any
physical structure or religious ritual. The Lord Jesus Christ, our Savior, is risen and
is alive in heavenly glory!
For God, who said, "Let light shine out of darkness,"
made his light shine in our hearts to give us the light of the knowledge of the
glory of God in the face of Christ. 2 Corinthians 4:6 (NIV)
لان الله الذي قال ان يشرق نور من
ظلمة هو الذي اشرق في قلوبنا لانارة معرفة مجد الله في وجه يسوع
المسيح ٢ كورنثوس ٤:٦
And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled
himself and became obedient to death—even death on a cross! Therefore God
exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name,
that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and
under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the
glory of God the Father. Philippians 2:8-11 (NIV)
واذ وجد في
الهيئة كانسان وضع نفسه واطاع حتى الموت موت الصليب. لذلك رفعه الله
ايضا واعطاه اسما فوق كل اسم لكي تجثو باسم
يسوع كل ركبة ممن في السماء ومن على الارض ومن تحت الارض ويعترف كل لسان
ان يسوع المسيح هو رب لمجد الله الآب فيلبي
But in these last days he has spoken to us by
his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through
whom he made the universe. The Son is the radiance of God's
glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining
all things by his powerful word. After he had provided
purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the
Majesty in heaven. Hebrews 1:2-3 (NIV)
كلمنا في هذه الايام
الاخيرة في ابنه الذي جعله وارثا لكل شيء الذي به ايضا عمل العالمين الذي وهو بهاء
مجده ورسم جوهره وحامل كل الاشياء بكلمة قدرته بعدما صنع بنفسه تطهيرا لخطايانا جلس
في يمين العظمة في الاعالي. العبرانيين
Heavenly City & God's Glory
In the future heavenly city, the glory of God flows from the Lamb of God, and it illuminates the nations of the world.
10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God.
11 It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal.
22 I did not see a temple in the city, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.
23 The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp.
24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their splendor into it. Revelation 21:10-11, 22-24 (NIV)
وذهب بي بالروح الى جبل
عظيم عال وأراني المدينة العظيمة اورشليم المقدسة نازلة من السماء من عند
لها مجد الله ولمعانها
شبه اكرم حجر كحجر يشب بلوري.
ولم أر فيها هيكلا لان
الرب الله القادر على كل شيء هو والخروف هيكلها.
والمدينة لا تحتاج الى
الشمس ولا الى القمر ليضيئا فيها لان مجد الله قد انارها والخروف
وتمشي شعوب المخلّصين
بنورها وملوك الارض يجيئون بمجدهم وكرامتهم اليها. رؤيا يوحنا ٢١:١٠-١١ ، ٢٢-٢٤
So throughout the New Testament, we read that the glory of God is intimately associated with the Lamb, the Lord Jesus Christ.
The One who suffered, bled, and died upon the Cross will be
the One who is yet to be glorified before the world.
Symbolism of Tabernacle
Now, God did not fill the Old Testament with minute details of the Tabernacle that lack spiritual teaching for us. And, since the Tabernacle
was honored with the visible display of the Glory of the Eternal God, we ought to inquire as to
its spiritual meaning, because it gives us instructive symbolism of
They serve at a sanctuary (i.e. the Tabernacle) that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was
about to build the tabernacle: "See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain." Hebrews 8:5 (NIV)
الذين يخدمون شبه السماويات وظلها كما اوحي الى موسى وهو مزمع ان يصنع
المسكن.لانه قال انظر ان تصنع كل شيء حسب المثال الذي اظهر لك في
الجبل. العبرانيين ٨:٥
Lord Jesus Christ is the Key
What is the key needed to open the spiritual teaching that God has for us in the details of the construction of the Tabernacle? As we shall see, the Lord Jesus Christ is the key that
unlocks the door to its understanding.
When Christ came as high priest of the good
things that are already here, he went through the greater and
more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made, that is to say,
not a part of this creation. He did not enter by means of the
blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place
once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal
redemption. Hebrews 9:11-12 (NIV)
واما المسيح وهو قد جاء
رئيس كهنة للخيرات العتيدة فبالمسكن الاعظم والاكمل غير المصنوع بيد اي الذي ليس من
هذه الخليقة وليس بدم تيوس
وعجول بل بدم نفسه دخل مرة واحدة الى الاقداس فوجد فداء
ابديا. العبرانيين ٩:١١-١٢
The Lord Jesus Christ used the Old Testament scriptures to show His blest
mission of sacrificial suffering.
He said to them, "How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all
that the prophets have spoken!
Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?"
And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was
said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. Luke 24:25-27 (NIV)
فقال لهما ايها الغبيان والبطيئا القلوب في الايمان بجميع ما
تكلم به الانبياء .
أما كان ينبغي ان المسيح يتألم بهذا ويدخل الى مجده
ثم ابتدأ من موسى ومن جميع الانبياء يفسر لهما الأمور المختصة
به في جميع الكتب. لوقا ٢٤:٢٥-٢٧
Additional Internet Resources
Links to Tabernacle Resources
Last edited 10/07/2002
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