Home   Revelation   Muhammad   Islam   Government   Trinity   Gospel   Scripture   Urdu   Audio   Resources   Arabic   Farsi   Русский   German   Chinese
  News   Terrorism   الحيـاة الأفضـل   Qur'an   الطريق إلى الجنة   Jesus   Books   Sacrifice    




  عربى   فارسى   Türkçe   Español  



Web Resources

Useful Links: World Time & Date, World Time Server, Currency Converter, Weather, Anonymous Surfing

Arabic Language Portal, Alphabet, Arabic-English-Arabic Dictionary, Multi-Lingual On-Line Dictionary

Free Web Translators: 1-800-translate, Applied Languages, Free Translation, OnLine Translator.

A Critique of Islamic Jihad: This site provides an excellent review of Islamic Jihad from a Qur'anic and historical perspective.

القوة المغيرة: This site provides lessons on salvation.

Answering Islam: This site has extensive information with search capabilities of its Christian/Muslim topics.

International Seminar for Oriental Studies: This site provides a concordance for the Arabic Bible and Qur'an.

Comparative Index to Islam: From the Qur'an, Hadiths, Taurat, Injil, and other sources.

الناقد - The Critic: موقع جديد: مجلة تعالج مختلف المواضيع التي تهم قارئ العربية من دينية وأدبية وسياسية واجتماعية وغيرها‫.

Top of Page.


Bible Gateway

Various English and non-English Bible translations and commentaries.


Numerous English and non-English Bible translations and some commentaries.

International Bible Society

English and non-English Bible translations

JCSM Study Center

Several English Bible translation and commentaries including 40 non-English language Bibles.

Unbound Bible

Numerous English and non-English Bible translations. 

Afghani Bibles

Arabic Bible (Mobile Phone Format)
Arabic Bible (PDF Format)
Arabic Bible (HTML Format)
Arabic Bible (HTML Format)
Arabic Bible (Download)
Arabic Bible (Download)

Service Biblique au Maroc

Greek New Testament: uses Unicode encoding for accented and non-accented Greek New Testament texts (Nestle-Aland 26).
Greek New Testament: Perseus web site with Westcott & Hort Greek NT. It uses Unicode encoding for the accented and non-accented Greek NT.
Hebrew Old Testament: according to the Masoretic Text and the JPS 1917 Edition with Unicode encoding. See also תורה נביאים וכתובים

E-Sword Bible Software

Free Bible software with numerous Bible translations. The Arabic language Van Dyke translation of the Bible can be freely downloaded too.

Non-Canonical Writings


Babylonian Talmud, Come and Hear site
Babylonian Talmud, Internet Sacred Text Archive
Sacred Texts of Judaism, Internet Sacred Text Archive


Christian Apocryphal Writings
Pseudepigrapha, Apocrypha and Sacred Writings
Early Christian Writings
Early Church Fathers

Top of Page.

Audio & Video


Pfander Films: Pfander Films started in October 2006 as the YouTube channel of Jay Smith. The primary objective is to intiate and engage in public debate with Islam. In just the first few months the Pfander Films channel had over 300 subscribers and almost 100,000 video views.
You Tube Pfander Films: This is the channel of Pfander Films whose primary interest is the academic study of all issues relevant to Islam and Christianity.
The Qur'an Or The Bible: Which Is God's Word?: A video of a debate between Dr. Anis Shorrosh, an Arab from Nazareth, and Sheik Ahmed Deedat, President of the Society for the Propagation of Islam in South Africa.

Top of Page.


Answering Muslims: Though there are millions of peaceful Muslims in the world, some followers of Muhammad will settle for nothing less than complete domination.

Top of Page.

Book Stores

A C B Distributors
Arab Multimedia
Arab World Ministries
Call of Hope
Good News For The Cresent World
Messages of God's Love - Multilingual
Missions by Modem
Multi-Language Media
Muslim Education Center
South Asian Friendship Center & Bookstore
World of Islam CD-ROM

Top of Page.

Christian Resources

Bible Study Foundations
Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry (CARM)
Christianity Online
ChristSites: has links to a wide variety of sites.
Give me an answer - Cliffe Knechtle
One Place - Christian Radio

Early Christian Writings
Non-Canonical Writings

Top of Page.



Bangladesh Christian On-Line The site offers information on Christians in Bangladesh.


Montreal: Arabic Baptist Church of Montreal


Cairo: The Way of Life The site offers Christian messages in the Arabic language.


Eritrean Bethel Church located in London, England


Ethiopian Christian Network


RPF International Church
Service Biblique au Maroc

United States

San Diego: San Diego Arabic Baptist Church

Allentown: Christian Evangelical Arabic Church

District of Columbia
Washington: Arabic Baptist Church

Top of Page.

Muslim Demographics

European converts to Islam
Islam in Europe
Muslims in Europe: Country guide
Islam the 21st Century Superpower : Speculations on the worldwide advance of Islam.

Top of Page.


Duncan Black Macdonald Center for the Study of Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations
Horizons International
Zwemer Center for Muslim Studies
Encountering the World of Islam

Top of Page.

Indonesian Language


Indonesian Bible
Lembaga Alkitab Indonesia: Indonesian Bible Society


Sabda Links: Indonesian Christian Resource Center


Selamat Datang di Family Radio Bahasa Indonesia: Family Radio World Wide


Sabda Bible Software 

Top of Page.

Jewish Resources

Early Jewish Writings
Targumic Texts

Top of Page.

Kurdish Language


Kurdish New Testament: International Bible Society
Kurmanji-Kurdish Bible Text: United Bible Society


Stories of the Prophets

Bible Study

Bible Basics Internet Edition: Kurdish Word download

Top of Page.



Arab Gateway: Modern maps of the Arabic world.
Arab Gateway: Historical maps of the Arabic world: Crusades, Early Islamic, Islamic Spain, Jerusalem, Nineteenth Century, Palestine & Levant, Pre-Islamic, Turks & Ottomans
University of Pennsylvania: Maps on the historical development of Islam.

Top of Page.

Miscellaneous Critiques


Alternate View on Islam: List of links to the dangers of Islam.
Anti-CAIR: Critiques the Council on American Islamic-Relations (CAIR).
CAIR Watch: Investigative reporting of the CAIR organization.
Campus Watch
Critical Discourse
Daniel Pipes
Faith Freedom
Institute for the Secularisation of Islamic Society
Islamic Monitor
Jaringan Islam Liberal
Know Islam
Middle East Transparent has in-depth news and critique on the human right's issues in the Middle East.
شفاف الشـرق الأوسـط has in-depth news and critique on the human right's issues in the Middle East (Arabic).
Middle East Forum
(1) Mohammed's Believe It or Else! محمد يتوعد‏: آمن بى وإلا؟؟
Muslim Apostate
Muslim Anti-Semitism: A Clear and Present Danger
Prophet of Doom: Islam's views in Muhammad's own words.
Victor Hansen's Articles: Miscellaneous commentaries, especially on Islamic terrorism.
Walid Shoebat Foundation: Audio interviews on the Israeli/Palestinian conflict.


Imran Aijaz, A Defence Of Craig's Kalam Cosmological Argument

Top of Page.

Muslim Resources

Arabic Language Books

Altafsir.com: A complete on-line resource for the Qur'anic sciences plus some English translations of classical tafsirs.
Al Muhaddith

Arabic Language Resources

Bukhari's hadith
Muslims's hadith
Sunan Abi Dawood
Muwatta Malik
Sunan At-Tirmidhi
Sunan An-Nisa'i
Sunan Ibn Majah
Sunan Ad-Darmi
Musnad Ahmad
Ibn Ishaq's sirat of the prophet of Allah, Sirat Rasoolullah. (Ibn Hishâm's redaction)
Ibn Kathir's Tafsir
Tafseer Al-Jallallain
Tafseer Al-Tabari
Tafseer Al Qurtubi
Maghazi by Al-Wâqidi

Book Stores

Fadak Books


Cornell University - Middle East & Islamic Studies Collection
Islamic Dictionary
Internet Islamic History Sourcebook
Islam in the United States (USA government site)
Top Muslim sites
Mama List of Links
Muslim Philosophy
University of Georgia: Resources for Studying Islam by Professor Alan Godlas
World of Islam CD-ROM

Hadith & Qur'an

Arabic/English/Arabic Bilingual Dictionary
Qur'an — translators: Yusufali, Pickthal, Shakir (Search)
Qur'an — translators: Al-Hilali, Khan
Qur'an — translators: Al-Hilali, Khan
Qur'an Transliteration (Site 1)
Qur'an Transliteration (Site 2)
Qur'an Links (many different languages)
Qur'an Browser (many English translations)
Qur'an & Hadith Links (many different languages)
Arabic Qur'an
Arabic Qur'an: al-Shia
Major Hadith Collections
Major Hadith Collections


Fiqh-us-Sunnah: five volume set of Islamic regulations relating to purification, prayer, zakat, fasting, funeral, Dhikr, Hajj, and 'Umrah.
Al Muhaddith: A wide variety of miscellaneous Arabic and English books.
Islam Minbar Project: is a fundamentalist Islam web site.


American Muslim Council
Council on American Islamic-Relations (CAIR)
Islamic Finder
Islamic Sharia Council, UK
Middle East Policy Council
Muslims for Bush


Divine Islam: Free downloadable Qur'an and hadith software.
Islamasoft Solutions: Free downloadable Qur'an and hadith software.


English Tafsir of Ibn Kathir
English Tafsir Al-Jalalayn
English Tafsir Ibn-'Abbas

Top of Page.

Muslim Outreach Links

Afghani Christian (Dari Language)
Al Nour
Answering Islam
Apologetics Index: Islam & Muslims
Arab International Ministry
Arab Multimedia
Arab World Ministries
Arab Voice Network
Arabic Bible
Arabic Club (Arabic & English)
Arabic Christian Directory
Asians 4 Christ
Baytallah — Arabic Brethren books
Be Thinking
Better Life (Arabic songs)
Beit El-Salam
Beyond the Wall:Sharing the God of love with Muslims.
Bible & Qur'an
Bible Center
Biblical Christianity - Muslims
Call of Hope
Call of Hope (Arabic)
Catholic Apologetics Information — Islam/Mohammedanism
Center for Ministry to Muslims
Chapel Place Presbyterian Church (Arabic & English)
Arabic sermons & songs
Christian Apologetic & Research Ministry (Islam)
Dr. Christoph Heger - German articles
Crescent Project
الناقد - The Critic
Ergun Caner
Father Zakaria
Fellowship of Faith for the Muslims
Good News (Arabic & English)
Good News For The Crescent World (GNFCW)
Good Way
Gospel for Muslims
Hadith al Asdika
Ibrahim's Site
InfoLink Islam (German)
Into The Light
Iranian Christians International
'Isa al-Masih
Isa Masih
'Isa Tandoor
Islam Challenges Christianity
Islam Faith Examined
Islam Review
Islamic Seminars
Islam: The Religion of Peace: Information about Islamic terrorism.
Islam: The Way, The Truth, and The Light?
Islam Unveiled
Jesus Film (Arabic)
Jesus Loves Muslims
Jesus Today
Joel's Trumpet: The Islamic Predominance of the Last-Days: An Emerging Paradigm.
Lessons from the Prophets
Light of Life
Loving a Muslim: A Support Group for Christian Women Dating or Married to Muslims.
Maarifa (Arabic)
Messages of God's Love - Multilingual
Middle East Christian Outreach
Middle East Media
Middle East Resources
Mideast Evangelical Church
Mission Leader
More Than Dreams: Offers a DVD with conversion testimonies.
Muslims 4 Christ
Muslim-Christian Debate
Muslim Education Center [M.E.C.]
Muslim Hope
Muslim Journey to Hope: Testimonies of former Muslims (Audio and video)
Muslims, Let's Talk
Muslim Misunderstandings Explained
Nafeza - Window to Life (Arabic, English & Songs)
New Song Ministries
Operation Reveille
Persian World Outreach
Site has apologetic articles with search capabilities
Remember Your Creator (اذكر خالقك)
Religious Research Institute
Salib Ministries (فارسی)
Satellite Television for Christians of the Middle East and North Africa
Servant 13: many useful links
Spotlight on Muslim Misconceptions
Study to Answer
Through the Bible (Arabic)
True Furqan (Arabic & English)
Truth 4 Islam (Arabic)
Understanding Islam CBN
Voice of Preaching the Gospel
What do you know about Isa? (Arabic, Bahasa Indonesia, English, Türkçe)
Why Isa?
Window to Life - Nafeza (Arabic & English)
White Horse Ministry: Help for women married to Muslim men

Top of Page.

Arabic Links

About Christianity (Arabic)
Al-Maarifa (Arabic)
Al Nour
Arabic Bible
Arabic Christian Directory
Arabic Club (Arabic & English)
Arab Multimedia
Baytallah — Arabic Brethren books
Better Life (Arabic songs)
Beit El-Salam
Call of Hope (Arabic)
Chapel Place Presbyterian Church (Arabic & English): Arabic sermons & songs
Church for Mecca
Coptic Church
Coptic Orthodox Church
الناقد - The Critic
معهد عمواس للكتاب المقدس— Emmaus Bible Ministry
فادينا — Fadyna.com
Family Radio Worldwide Arabic
Fellowship of Faith for the Muslims
شبكة الحب الالهي  — God's Good News
Good News (Arabic & English)
Good Way
Hadith al Asdika
Ibrahim's Site
Into The Light
'Isa Tandoor
Islam: The Way, The Truth, and The Light?
Islameyat - 2004
Jesus Film (Arabic)
Light of Life
Maarifa (Arabic)
Middle East Christian Outreach
Middle East Media
Middle East Resources
Mideast Evangelical Church
Muslims 4 Christ
Nafeza - Window to Life (Arabic, English & Songs)
اذكر خالقك Remember Your Creator
Satellite Television for Christians of the Middle East and North Africa
Sons of Ishmael
Through the Bible (Arabic)
True Furqan (Arabic & English)
What do you know about Isa? (Arabic, Bahasa Indonesia, English, Türkçe)

Top of Page.

Swedish Links
Sanningen Om Islam

Top of Page.

Turkmen links

Түркмен Илиме Хош Хабар (Türkmen Ilime Hoş Habar)

Top of Page.



Afghanistan News: Yahoo's daily news on Afghanistan.
Afghan Search: Dari language with some Christian sites.
Afghan Times: Dari language Christian site.
Bible Voice Broadcasting (Audio): Dari language messages
I Am So Glad (Audio): Dari language sites.
Hazara: Christian humanitarian concern for Afghanistan.
Masih TV(Television): Voice of Christ TV.


Apostasy and Blasphemy in Islam
Apostate Relinquishing the Faith
Islam: No Compulsion in Religion?
Sentence of Death


Wakf cutting Temple Mount stones, petition charges Muslim destruction of Solomonic temple stones.
Cracks appear in Al Aqsa Mosque: Muslim construction project blamed for damage to shrine.


Dialogue with the Islamic World: Dialogue between Europe and the Islamic World.

Gospel of Barnabas

What do we know about the "Gospel of Barnabas"?: Muslims reject the true, authentic, and uncorrupted scriptures, but they embrace false, corrupt, and forged scriptures.  This is true of the "Gospel of Barnabas" this is widely circulated among those who follow the teachings of Muhammad.
The "Gospel of Barnabas" in recent research: The Gospel of Barnabas is a medieval text that purports to be a gospel written by Barnabas.  In contrast to Jews and Christians, who respect the integrity of their respective sacred scriptures, Muslims reject the writings of the divine prophets, claiming their writings have been corrupted.  While rejecting true and authentic scriptures, Muslims embrace corrupt and forged scriptures, such as Gospel of Barnabas.
The Medieval Gospel Of Barnabas: The text of the apocryphal gospel.
Gospel of Barnabas: Wikipedia information.

Human Rights

Advocates International: A legal advocate organization for religious liberty and human rights.
Arab Human Development Report by the United Nations Development Programme.
Akhbar Libya: An Arabic language site on human rights.
الشبكة العربية لمعلومات حقوق الإنسان (Arabic Network for Human Rights Information): An Arabic language site.
Armenian Genocide: Provides information on the genocide of Armenians by the Ottoman empire.
Barnabas Fund: A Christian organization that provides humanitarian aid and human rights news. 
Center for Religious Freedom: US Copts Association offer information on human rights violations.
Compass Direct: News of Christians worldwide who are persecuted for their faith.
Coptics.Com: US Copts Association offer information on human rights violations (Arabic).
Copts.Net: US Copts Association offer information on human rights violations (English).
Coptic Charter: A document on the status of the Coptics in Egypt. PDF file format.
Foundation for Democracy in Iran: Human rights issues relating to Iran.
Hazara Net
: This site documents religious and human rights violations against the Hazara people of Afghanistan.
Human Rights and the Persecution of Christians in Islam
by Dr. Christine Schirrmacher.
Human Rights Watch: This site has information on human rights around the world.
International Christian Concern: This site documents religious and human rights violations against people of faith.
International Crisis Group: is an independent, non-profit, multinational organization, with over 100 staff members on five continents, working through field-based analysis and high-level advocacy to prevent and resolve deadly conflict.
Jubilee Campaign: A human rights pressure group, lobbying to protect children's rights and the persecuted church.
شفاف الشـرق الأوسـط has in-depth news and critique on the human right's issues in the Middle East (Arabic).
Nonie Darwish: In-depth analysis of current issues involving Mideast culture and politics from the perspective of a woman of Mideast descent.
Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan: This site documents the abuse of women in Afghanistan by the Islamic Taliban fundamentalist who have implemented Shari'ah law.
Pakistan: South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) has a current assessment of terror in Pakistan.
The Violent Oppression of Women in Islam: By Robert Spencer and Phyllis Chelser, 32 page document.
Voice of the Martyrs: This site presents cases of religious persecution.
United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF): This site documents religious rights violations against people of faith.
Women Living Under Muslim Laws: This site supports women who suffer because of Islamic laws.
World Evangelical Alliance: Site has world evangelical news.


Abrahamic Faith: Ex-Muslims look at the Hebrew scriptures regarding Israel and Jerusalem.
Arabs for Israel: Middle Eastern people who support the State of Israel and the Jewish religion and still treasure their Arab and Islamic culture.
What the Qur'an Really Says: The Qur'an says that Allah gave the Land of Israel to the Jews, and He will restore them to it at the end of days. by Shaykh Prof. Abdul Hadi Palazzi


National Constitutions (Constitution Society): Constitutions of the world's nations.
Directory of Embassies in Washington, DC
Directory: John Bouvier's Law Dictionary 1856
Directory: Duhaime's Law Dictionary
Directory: International Law Dictionary & Directory 
Directory: Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law
Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Materials on the Net: Articles on Islamic law.
Islamic and Democracy Project: A project of the Department of Church-State Studies at Baylor University, studying the encounter between Islam and liberal democratic cultures and principles.
Noachide Laws: Article on the Jewish perspective of the seven Noachide laws.
Thomas: US Legislative Information: Legislative information on the US government.
United Kingdom Parliament: Legal information on the government of the United Kingdom.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights: The most comprehensive collection of translations of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
United States Department of State
United States Department of State: Muslim Life in America
United States Department of State:Mosques Expand: Larger centers needed for growing population
Yale Law School: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy: A comprehensive collection of legal documents.


Al-Bawaba Popular international Arabic/English language TV and web news.
Al Arabiya Popular international Arabic/English language TV and web news.
Al-Jazeera Popular international Arabic/English language TV and web news.
Arab News Saudi Arabia's English Daily.
BBC Middle East The BBC's Middle East news reports.
CNN: Arabic Language Version
Indonesia Post
Independent Media: Review & Analysis: Articles, and translations of Arabic articles printed in the Middle East
Middle East Info has links and information about the Middle East
Middle East Transparent has in-depth news and analysis on the Middle East.
Middle East Media and Research Institute (MEMRI) has English translations of Arabic articles.
Palestine-Net News
Straits Times, Singapore
Washington Institute for Near East Policy
World News Daily
Yemen Times


Information by Persecution.Org


Statistics of the Palestinian Losses: The number of deaths in Palestine from September 9, 2000 to May 31, 2004.


Islam, the Greeks and the Scientific Revolution: The Greek impact on the rise of modern science, and why the Scientific Revolution didn't happen in the Islamic world. There are so many myths regarding this perpetrated by Muslims and their apologists today, so this subject is studied in some detail.


Sudan Tribune: An Internet site offering current news on the country of Sudan.
Sudan & God: A series of articles on the country of Sudan by Middle East Christian Outreach,  January 1, 2001
U.S. Committee for Refugees: "Largely Ignored by International Community, Yearlong Massive Displacement and Death in Western Sudan's Darfur Region Continues: Violence that erupted in Sudan's western Darfur region nearly one year ago and continues unrestrained today, has displaced at least 800,000 Sudanese civilians-including more than 110,000 who have fled to the remote deserts of eastern Chad-and has killed countless thousands of others. Although precise numbers are difficult to determine, it is estimated that the displacement caused by the Darfur crisis has increased the number of uprooted Sudanese from more than 4.5 million to nearly 5.5 million."


A Critique of Islamic Jihad: An excellent overview of Islamic Jihad from a Qur'anic and historical perspective.
Anti-Terrorism Coalition: an organization that seeks to unite people against terrorism.
Islamic Extremism: A Viable Threat to U.S. National Security: An Open Forum at the U.S. Department of State, January 7, 1999, by Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani.
Independent Media: Review & Analysis: Articles and translations of Arabic articles from the Middle East.
Islamic Threat to Global Security
Middle East Media and Research Institute: Articles and translations of Arabic articles from the Middle East.
Middle-East-Info.org: Advancing Democracy, Pluralism and Mutual Respect in the Middle East..
Militant Islam Monitor: Articles on militant Islam's activities.
Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT): MIPT is the premier resource for terrorism research today. MIPT currently supports a series of extensive database libraries focused on terrorist incidents, terrorist entities, and legal cases involving terrorists.
Muslim Brotherhood: web site. Muslim Brotherhood Children's Website
Project for the Study of Islamist Movements: in-depth and scholarly articles on this issue.
Roots of Muslim Rage: Why so many Muslims deeply resent the West, and why their bitterness will not easily be mollified by Bernard Lewis.
Writings of Sayyid Qtub (سيد قطب) : site A, site B.
Significant Terrorist Incidents, 1961-2003: A Brief Chronology
SITE Institute: Search for International Terrorist Entities is an organization that provides information related to terrorist networks to the government, news media, and general public.
Schule Islam site: German language site on the brutality of Islamic militants.
Terrorism Act 2000: The anti-terrorism act of the United Kingdom.
Tracking Terror Threats: Terror Threat Database. 

Top of Page.

Book Resources

Web Site

Answering Islam Library of Classical Books:
University of Pennsylvania Online Books
Voice of Dharma: Its books on Islam are useful.

General References

Adeney, Miriam, Daughters of Islam: Building Bridges with Muslim Women, InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, IL, 2002, pp. 224, ISBN: 0-8308-2345-X

Braswell, George W., Jr., What You Need to Know about Islam & Muslims, Broadman & Holman Publishers, Nashville, TN, USA, 2000, pp. 192, ISBN:0-8054-1829-6

Braswell, George W., Jr., Islam: Its Prophet, Peoples, Politics and Power, Broadman & Holman Publishers, Nashville, TN, USA, 1996, pp. 338, ISBN:0-8054-1169-0

Burge, Gary M., Who are God's People in the Middle East? Zondervan Publishing, Grand Rapids, MI., 1993. pp. 207.

Chacour, Elias (with David Hazard), Blood Brothers, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, USA, 1997, pp. 224, ISBN: 0800790960

Chacour, Elias, We Belong to the Land: The Story of a Palestinian Israeli Who Lives for Peace and Reconciliation,  Harper Collins, New York, NY, USA, 1990, pp. 216. (New reprint with Mary Jensen, November, 2000 by University of Notre Dame Press, pp. 240, ISBN: 0268019630).

Gabriel, Mark A., Islam and the Jews, Charisma House, Lake Mary, Florida, 2003, pp. 230, ISBN: 0-88419-956-8

Goodman, Jan, Caught in the Crossfire: The True Story of an American Woman's Secret & Perilous Journey with the Freedom Fighters Through War-torn Afghanistan, Dutton, New York, NY., 1987. pp. 330.

Goodman, Jan, Price of Honor : Muslim Women Lift the Veil of Silence on the Islamic World, Penguin USA (Paperback), 1995 (Reprint). pp. 363, ISBN: 0452274303

Hamada, Louis, Arabs & Jews in Biblical Perspective, Winepress Publishing, Enumclaw, WA, USA, 1999, pp. 127, ISBN: 1-57921-245-X

Macdonald, Duncan B.(1863-1943), Aspects of Islam, Macmillan Company, New York, 1911, pp. 375. 

Nasr, S.H., A Young Muslim's Guide to the Modern World, Kazi Publications, Inc., Chicago Illinois, 1991, pp. 270.

Schimmel, A., Islam: An Introduction, State University of New York Press, Albany, New York,  1992, pp. 166.

Sell, Edward, The Faith of Islam, 3rd Edition, Society For Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, England, 1907, pp. 428.

Stewart, P.J., Unfolding Islam, Garnet Publishing, Reading, England, 1994 (Reprinted 1998), pp. 252.

Warraq, Ibn, Leaving Islam: Apostates Speak Out, Prometheus Books, Amherst, New York, 2003, pp. 320, ISBN: 1591020689

Top of Page.

Apologetics: Christian

'Abd-ul-Ahad, Selim, and W.H.T. Gairdner, The Gospel of Barnabas: an Essay and Inquiry, Christian Literature Society, London, England, 1908, pp. 42, (Reprinted by Henry Martyn Institute of Islamic Studies, Hyderabad, Pakistan, 1975, pp. 39.).

Aquinas, Thomas (d. 1276), Reasons for the Faith against Muslim Objections (and one objection of the Greeks and Armenians) to the Cantor of Antioch (De rationibus fidei contra Saracenos, Graecos et Armenos ad Cantorem Antiochenum), translated by Joseph Kenny. Published in Islamochristiana (Rome), 22:31-52, 1996.

Archer, Gleason L., Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1982, pp. 476, ISBN: 0-310-43570-6.

Blair, John C., The Sources of Islam: An Inquiry Into The Sources Of The Faith And Practice Of the Muhammadan Religion, The Christian Literature Society For India, Madras, Allahabad, Rangoon, Colombo, 1925, pp. 189.

Bramsen, Paul, The Way of Righteousness: Good News for Muslims, Christian Missions in Many Lands, Inc, Spring Lake, NJ, 1999, pp. 544, ISBN: 1893579018

Campbell, William, The Qur'an and the Bible in the light of history and science, Middle East Resources, Upper Darby, PA, USA, 1986, pp. 343, ISBN 1-881085-00-7

Caner, Ergun M., and E. F. Caner, Unveiling Islam: An Insider's Look at Muslim Life and Beliefs, Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI., 2002, pp. 251, ISBN: 0-8254-2400-3.

Cati, W.L., Married to Muhammad, Charisma House, Lake Mary, FL, 2002,  SBN: 0-88419-794-8.

Chapman, Colin, Cross and Crescent: Responding to the challenge of Islam, InterVarsity Press, Leicester, England, 1995, pp. 352, ISBN 0851109926

Chapman, Colin, Islam and the West: Conflict, Co-Existence or Conversion, Paternoster, England, 1998, pp. 198, ISBN 0-85364-781-X

Christensen, Jens (1899 - 1966), Mission to Islam and Beyond: A Practical Theology of Mission, (Reprint of The Practical Approach to Muslims, 1977), New Creation Publications, Australia, 2001, ISBN: 0 86408 224 X

Gabriel, Mark A., Islam and Terrorism, Charisma House, Lake Mary, FL, 2002, pp. 234, ISBN: 0-88419-884-7.

Gairdner, W. H. T. (1873 - 1928), The Eucharist as Historical Evidence, The Nile Mission Press, Cairo, Egypt.

Gairdner, W.H.T. (1873 - 1928), God as Triune, Creator, Incarnate, Atoner: A Reply to Muhammadan Objections and an Essay in Philosophic Apology), The Christian Literature Society For India, Madras, Allahabad, Calcutta, Rangoon, Colombo, 1916, pp. 65.

Gairdner, W.H.T. (1873 - 1928), The Muslim Idea of God, In: The Islam Series, The Christian Literature Society For India, Madras, India, 1925, pp. 46.

Gairdner, W.H.T. (1873 - 1928), The Rebuke of Islam, (Rewritten and Revised 5th Edition of The Reproach of Islam) United Council for Missionary Education, London, England, 1920, pp. 248.

Gairdner, W. H. T. (1873 - 1928), Iskandar 'Abdu'l-Masih and Sali 'Abdu'l-Ahad, The Verse of Stoning in the Bible and the Qur'an, The Christian Literature Society For India, London, Madras, and Colombo, 1910, pp. 31.

Gairdner, W.H.T. (1873 - 1928), The Reproach of Islam, Young People's Missionary Movement, London, England, 1909 (4th impression 1911), pp. 367.

Gardner, W.R.W., Christianity and Muhammadanism, In: The Islam Series, The Christian Literature Society For India, Madras, Colombo, 1910, pp. 66.

Gaudeul, Jean-Marie, Called From Islam To Christ, Monarch Publications , UK, 1999, pp. 320, ISBN 1-85424-427-2

Geisler, Norman L. and Abdul Saleeb. Answering Islam: The Crescent in Light of the Cross, Grand Rapids, MI, Baker Book House, 1994, pp. 336. ISBN: 0801038596

Gilchrist, John, Origins and sources of the Gospel of Barnabas, Christianity and Islam series; No. 2, F.F.M. Publications, Brighton, England, 1980, pp. 32.

Gilchrist, John, The uniqueness of Jesus in the Quran and the Bible, Christianity and Islam series; No. 4, F.F.M. Publications, Brighton, England, 1982, pp. 36.

Gilchrist, John, The titles of Jesus in the Quran and the Bible, Christianity and Islam series; No. 5, F.F.M. Publications, Brighton, England, 1982, pp. 32.

Griffith, Sidney H., The Beginning of Christian Theology in Arabic: Muslim-Christian Encounters in the Early Islamic Period, Variorum Collected Studies Series, Ashgate Publishing Ltd, Hampshire, England, 2002, pp. 338, ISBN: 0-86078-889-X

Hahn, Ernest, How to Respond - Muslims, Concordia Publishing House, St. Louis, MO, USA, 1995, pp. 64, ISBN: 0570046777

Harris, J. Rendel, "A Tract on the Triune Nature of God," American Journal of Theology, 5 (1901), 75-86. [This journal article comments on the treatise, Fi tathlith Allah al-wahid (On the Triune Nature of God), one of the oldest Arabic defenses of the Trinity.]

Jabbaar, Salmam H., The Place of Women In Christianity & Islam,

Koelle, Sigismund Wilhelm ('Abd 'Isa), Food For Reflection: Being an Historical Comparision between Muhammadanism and Christianity, The Christian Literature Society for India, S.P.C.K. Press, Madras, India, 1914, pp. 152.

Koelle, Sigismund Wilhelm, Mohammed and Mohammedanism: Critically Considered, Rivingtons, London, England, 1889, pp. 540.

Mark, Brother, A 'Perfect' Qur'an, or 'So it was made to appear to them'? A response to Islamic allegations concerning the Gospel, the Qur'an, and Islam. Birmingham, UK, 2000, pp. 560.

McCurry, Don, Healing the Broken Family of Abraham: New Life for Muslims

Mikhail, Labib, Islam, Muhammad, & the Koran: A Documented Analysis, Blessed Hope Ministries, 1996, pp. 187, ISBN: 1890297097

Mikhail, Labib, God's Last Messenger, Blessed Hope Ministries, 1998, pp. 113, ISBN: 1890297070

Miller, William M., A Christian's Response to Islam, Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., Phillipsburg, NJ, 1976, pp. 178.

Morey, Robert, The Islamic Invasion: Confronting the World's Fastest Growing Religion, Christian Scholars Press, Las Vegas, NV, 1992, pp. 231, ISBN: 1-931230-07-2.

Muir, William, The Apology of Al Kindy: Written at the Court of Mâmûm (Circa A.H. 215; A.D. 830) In Defence of Christianity Against Islam, Second Edition, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, England, 1887, pp. 122. 

Muir, William, The Mohammedan Controversy, Biographies of Mohammed, Sprenger on Tradition, The Indian Liturgy, and the Psalter, T. & T. Clark, 38 George Street, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1897, pp. 220.

Newman, N.A., Early Christian-Muslim Dialogue, Interdisciplinary Biblical Research Institute, 1994, pp. 776, ISBN: 0-944788-91-2.

Pfander, Carl [Karl] Gottlieb(1805-1865), The Mizanu'l Haqq: The Balance of Truth, Revised and enlarged by W. St. Clair Tisdall, The Religious Tract Society, London, England, 1910, pp. 370. 

Pfander, Carl [Karl] Gottlieb(1805-1865), Miftah-ul-Asrar: The Key of Mysteries, Translated and thoroughly revised by W. St. Clair Tisdall, Christian Literature Society for India, 1912, pp. 216.

Pfander, Carl [Karl] Gottlieb(1805-1865), Tariqu'l-hyat: The path of life, Translated and revised by W. St. Clair Tisdall, Christian Literature Society for India, 1912, pp. 335. 

Prideaux, Humphrey, (1648-1724), The true Nature of Imposture Fully Display'd in the life of Mahomet with A Discourse annex'd, for the Vindicating of Christianity from this Charge: Offered to the Consideration of the Deists of the present Age. 4th Edition, W. Rogers, London, England, 1708, xxii, pp. 182.

Reynolds, Gabriel, Saint Thomas' Islamic Challenge: reflections on the Antiochene questions. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 12 (2):161-189, 2001.

Richardson, Don, Secrets of the Koran: Revealing Insight into Islam's Holy Book, Gospel Light Publications, Ventura, CA, USA, 2003, pp. 260, ISBN 0830731245

Sa'a, Yehia, All That The Prophets Have Spoken, Goodseed International, Durham, ON, Canada, 2001, pp. 304, ISBN 1-890082-29-5

Saffee, Al, and Al Mahdy, The True Furqan, Winepress Publishing, Enumclaw, WA., 1999, pp. 366, ISBN 1579211755

Sahas, Daniel J., John of Damascus on Islam: The "Heresy of the Ishmaelites." Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands, 1972, xvi, pp. 172, ISBN 90 04 03495 1

Sheikh, Bilquis and Richard H. Schneider, I Dared to Call Him Father, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, USA, 1980, pp. 180, ISBN 0800790715 

Shorrosh, Anis, Islam Revealed: A Christian Arab's View of Islam, Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, TN, USA, 1988, pp. 313.

Tisdall, W. St. Clair(1859-1928), A Manual of the Leading Muhammadan Objections to Christianity, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, England, 1904, pp. 239.

Tisdall, W. St. Clair(1859-1928), The Religion of the Crescent, or Islam: Its Strength, Its Weakness, Its Origin, Its Influence, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, England, 1895, xvi, pp. 251.

Tisdall, W. St. Clair(1859-1928), The Sources of Islam, A Persian Treatise, translated and abridged by Sir William Muir, T. & T. Clark, Edinburgh, Scotland. 1901, xiii, 102 pages, 19 cm.

Treuerys, Peter, Here after foloweth a lytell treatyse agaynst Mahumet and his cursed secte, & fyrst foloweth the introduccyon. Impryntyd at London in Southwarke, ca. 1528, xliii [1] leaves.

Yakos, Marvin, Jesus vs. Jihad: Exposing the conflict between Christ and Islam, Charisma House, Lake Mary, FL, 2001, pp. 191, ISBN: 0-88419-880-4.

Top of Page.

Apologetics: Muslim

Adepoju, Mas'ud Olanrewaju, The Absurdity of the Trinity, Wisdom Publications, Ibadan, Nigeria, 1996, pp. 42.

'Ata ur-Rahim, M., Jesus: A Prophet of Islam, MWH London Publishers, London, England, 1977 (Third Edition 1983), pp. 245.

Dawud, A., Muhammad in the Bible, Pustaka Antara, Kuala Lumpar, Malaysia, 1969 (2nd Edition 1979), pp. 263.

Gospel of Barnabas, Forward by Imam M.A. Nu'man, A&B Publishers Group, Brooklyn, New York, 1993, pp. 273, ISBN: 1-881316-57-7

Ibn Taymiyya, A Muslim Theologian's Response to Christianity, (Arabic title: Jawab al-sahih li-man baddala din al-Masih), Translated by T.F. Michel, Caravan Books, Delmar, NY, 1984, (2nd Printing 1999)

Warraq, Muhammad ibn Harun, (d. 816?), Anti-Christian Polemic in Early Islam: Abu 'Isá al-Warraq's 'Against the Trinity', (Kitab al-Radd `alá al-thalath firaq min al-Nasará. Juz' 1. English), University of Cambridge Oriental Publications No. 45., Edited and Translated by David Thomas, University of Cambridge Press, Cambridge, England, 1992, pp. 218, ISBN 0521412447

Warraq, Muhammad ibn Harun, (d. 816?), Early Muslim Polemic against Christianity: Abu 'Isá al-Warraq's 'Against the Incarnation', (Al-Radd 'Ala Al-Ittihad: Al-Juz' Al-Thani Min Kitab al-Radd `alá al-thalath firaq min al-Nasará. The Refutation of the Uniting: The Second Part of the Refutation of the Three Christian Sects), University of Cambridge Oriental Publications No. 59., Edited and Translated by David Thomas, University of Cambridge Press, Cambridge, England, 2002, pp. 314, ISBN 0-521-81132-5

Top of Page.


Federspiel, Howard M., A Dictionary of Indonesian Islam, Center for Internation Studies, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio, 1995

Hughes, Thomas P., Dictionary of Islam: Being a Cyclopaedia of the Doctrines, Rites, Ceremonies, and Customs, together with the Technical and Theological Terms of the Muslim Religion, KAZI Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1994, pp.750.

Netton, Ian Richard, A Popular Dictionary of Islam, NTC Publishing Group, Chicago, Illinois, 1997.

Thomas, Richard W., A Wordbook Of Religion: English-Arabic, Clarion Publishing, 1987, pp. 88. (رتشرد توماس, دليل المُصطلحات الدينيّة : انكليزى – عربى)

Top of Page.


Ahmad, K, Hadith: A Re-Evaluation, (Translated from the Malay original), Monotheist Productions International, Tucson, Arizona, 1997, pp. 166.

Al-Bukhari, The Translation of the Meaning of Sahih Al-Bukhari, Translated by M.M. Khan, Dar AHYA Us-Sunnah, Al Nabawiya, (Arabic & English), Nine volume set.

Al Hadis, Mishkat-ul-Masabih, translated by al-Haj Maulana Fazlul Karim, Islamic Book Service, New Delhi, India, 1998 Edition, (Arabic & English), Four volume set.

Ali, Imam Amir al-Mu'Minin, Nahj Al-Balaghah: Selections from Sermons, Letters and Sayings of Amir Al-Mu'Minin, 'Ali Ibn Abi Talib, Selected & Compiled by as-Sayyid Abu'l-Hasan Muhammad ibn al-Husayn, Ansariyan Publications, Iran, A.H. 1391, (Arabic & English), Two volume set.

Ali, Maulana M., A Manual of Hadith, 2nd Edition, The Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam, Lahore, Pakistan, pp. 408.

Dawud, Imam Abu, Sunan Abu Dawud: English Translations with Explanatory Notes by Prof. Ahmad Hasan, Sh. Muhamad Ashraf Publications, Lahore, Pakistan, First Edition 1984 (Reprinted 1996), Three volume set.

Goldsack, William, Selections from Muhammadan Traditions: Being a carefully chosen and thoroughly representative collection of the most authentic traditions from the celebrated, Mishkatu'l-Masabih, Christian Literature Society of India, pp. 309, 1923.

Goldziher, Ignaz, Muslim Studies (Muhammedanische Studien), Vol. 2, Translated by C. R. Barber & S. M. Stern, George Allen & Unwin Ltd, Great Britain, 1971, pp. 378.

Khalifa, R., Quran, Hadith, and Islam, Islamic Productions, Tucson, Arizona, 1982, pp. 89.

Ibn-I-Maja Al-Qazwini, Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad B. Yazid, Sunan Ibn-I-Majah, Translated by Muhammad Tufail Ansari, Kazi Publications, Lahore, Pakistan, 1993, Five volume set. 

Muslim, Imam, Sahih Muslim: Being Traditions of the Sayings and Doings of the Prophet Muhammad as Narrated by His Companions and compiled under the Title Al-Jami'-Us-Sahih, Translated by 'Abdul H. Siddiqi, Four volume set.

Top of Page.


Akbar, M.J. The Shade of the Swords: Jihad and the conflict between Islam & Christianity, Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group), London, England, 2002. pp. 272. ISBN: 0-415-28470-8

Atiya, Aziz Suryal, A History of Eastern Christianity, Methuen, London, England, 1968. pp. 486

Burton, Richard Francis (1821-1890), Personal narrative of a pilgrimage to al-Madinah & Meccah, Memorial Edition in Two Volumes, Tylston & Edwards, London, England, 1893, Vol. I, pp. 436, Vol. II, 479.

Colbert, Edward P., The martyrs of Cordoba (850-859) A study of the sources, Catholic University of America Press, Washington, DC, 1962. pp. 491.

Dalrymple, William, From the Holy Mountain : A Journey Among the Christians of the Middle East, Henry Holt & Company, New York, NY,  Inc., 1999, pp. 496, ISBN: 0805061770

Esposito, John L.(Editor), The Oxford History of Islam, Oxford University Press, New York, N.Y., 1999, pp. 749. ISBN: 0-19-510799-3

Firestone, Reuven, Jihad: The Origins of Holy War in Islam, Oxford University Press, New York, N.Y., 1999, pp. 195. ISBN: 0-19-512580-0

Fregosi, Paul, Jihad in the West: Muslim Conquests from the 7th to the 21st Centuries, Prometheus Books, Amherst, New York, 1998, pp. 442.

Gibson, Margaret Dunlop (Editor), An Arabic version of the Acts of the Apostles and the seven Catholic epistles, from an eighth or ninth century ms. in the convent of St. Catharine on Mount Sinai; with a treatise, on the Triune nature of God, with translation from the same codex. Studia sinaitica: no. 7, C. J. Clay and sons, London, England, 1899.

Gibson, Margaret Dunlop (Editor), An Arabic version of the Epistles of St. Paul to the Romans, Corinthians, Galatians, with part of the Epistle to the Ephesians; from a ninth century ms. in the Convent of St. Catharine on mount Sinai. Studia sinaitica: no. 2, C. J. Clay and sons, London, England, 1899, pp. 112.

Griffith, Sidney H., Arabic Christianity in the Monasteries of Ninth Century Palestine (Variorum Collected Studies Series) Variorum, Aldershot, Hants, England, 1992, ISBN: 0860783375

Griffith, Sidney H., Disputing with Islam in Syriac: The Case of the Monk of Bêt Hãlê and a Muslim Emir, Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies, Vol 3(1) January, 2000. 

Hoyland, Robert G., Seeing Islam as Others Saw It: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish, and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam, The Darwin Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1997, pp. 872.

Ibn Sa'd (A.H. 168-230), Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir, translated by S.M. Haq & H.K. Ghazanfar, Kitab Bhavan, New Delhi, India, 1972, Vol I (pp. 601), Vol II (pp. 496), ISBN: 81-7151-127-9 (set).

Jones, Marsden (ed), Kitab Al-Maghazi of Al-Waqidi (Book of Campaigns), Oxford University Press, London, England, 1966, Three volume set.

Lewis, Agnes Smith (Editor & Translator) Apocrypha syriaca; the Protevangelium Jacobi and Transitus Mariae, with texts from the Septuagint, the Corân, the Peshitta, and from a Syriac hymm in a Syro-Arabic palimpsest of the fifth and other centuries; With an appendix of Palestinian Syriac texts from the Taylor-Schechter collection. Studia sinaitica: no. 11, C. J. Clay and sons, London, England, 1902, pp. 157.

Lewis, Agnes Smith (Editor & Translator) with Margaret Dunlop Gibson, Forty-one facsimiles of dated Christian Arabic manuscripts: with text and English translation with introductory observations on Arabic calligraphy by David S. Margoliouth. Studia sinaitica: no. 12, University Press, Cambridge, England, 1907, xxii, p. 82

Lewis, B., (Editor & Translator), Islam from the Prophet Muhammad to the Capture of Constantinople, Volume I: Politics and War, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 1987, pp. 266.

Naipaul, Vidiadhar Surajprasad, Beyond Belief: Islamic Excursions Among the Converted Peoples, Random House, New York, NY, 1998, pp. 368, ISBN: 0375501185

Neuhaus, Richard J., The Approaching Century of Religion, Vol. 76, First Things, October, 1997, p. 75.

Neuhaus' article comments upon Ye'or Bat's book entitled, The Decline of Eastern Christianity under Islam: From Jihad to Dhimmitude.

Ockley, Simon, The History of the Saracens: Comprising the Lives of Mohammed and his Successors, Henry G. Bohn, London, England, 1848, 5th edit., sm. 8 vo., pp., xxviii, 512

Philby, Harry St. John, The Background of Islam, Being A Sketch of Arabian History In Pre-Islamic Times, Publisher: Whitehead Morris, Alexandria, Egypt, 1947, pp. 152.

Robinson, F., (Editor), Cambridge Illustrated History: Islamic World, Cambridge University Press, 1996, pp. 328.

Sad, Ibn, Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir (English Trans), Translated by S Moinul Haque, pp. 1097, Two volume set.

Samir, Samir Khalil and Jorgen S. Nielsen (Editors), Christian Arabic Apologetics during the Abbasid Period (750-1258), Religious Studies No. 63, Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands, ISBN 90 04 09568 3, 1994, pp. 250

Schaff, Philip, Volume IV, Mediaeval Christianity: From Gregory I to Gregory VII (A.D. 590–1073), Chapter III, Mohammedanism In Its Relation To Christianity, In: History of the Christian Church, (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.) 1997. This material has been carefully compared, corrected¸ and emended (according to the 1910 edition of Charles Scribner's Sons) by The Electronic Bible Society, Dallas, TX, 1998.

Sell, Edward (1869-1932), The Battles of Badr and Uhud, In: The Islam Series, The Christian Literature Society For India, London, Madras, and Colombo, 1909, pp. 69.

Sell, Edward (1869-1932), Ghazwas and Sariyas, In: The Islam Series, The Christian Literature Society For India, London, Madras and Colombo, 1911, pp. 87. 

Tabari (838?-923), Vol. IX—The Last Years of the Prophet: The Formation of the State (A.D. 630/A.H. 8-11), Translated by Ismail K. Poonawala, In: The History of al-Tabari, SUNY series in Near Eastern studies, State University of New York Press (SUNY), Albany, NY, 1990, pp. 250, ISBN: 0-88706-692-5.

Trimingham, J. Spencer, Christianity among the Arabs in pre-Islamic times, Arab Background Series, Librairie Du Liban, Beirut, Lebanon, 1990 (First published in 1979 by Longman Group Ltd, London, England), pp. xiv, 342, ISBN: 0-582-78081-0

Wellhausen, Julius (1844-1918), The Arab kingdom and its fall, Trans. Margaret Weir, Khayats, Beirut, Lebanon, 1902 (Reprinted 1963), pp. 592

Wellhausen, Julius (1844-1918), Medina vor dem Islam: Muhammads Gemeindeordnung von Medina. Seine Schreiben, und die Gesandtschaften an ihn, Series: Skizzen und Vorarbeiten V. 4, W. De Gruyter, Berlin, Germany, 1889 (Reprint 1985), ISBN 3110097648

Ye'or, Bat, The Dhimmi: Jews and Christians under Islam, Translated from French by D. Maisel and P. Fenton, Associated University Presses, Cranbury, New Jersey, 1985 (4th Printing 1996), pp. 444.

Ye'or, Bat, The Decline of Eastern Christianity under Islam: From Jihad to Dhimmitude, Translated from French by M. Kochan & D. Littman, Associated University Presses, Cranbury, New Jersey, 1996, pp. 522.

Ye'or, Bat, Islam and Dhimmitude. Where Civilizations Collide, Translated by M. Kochan and D. Littman, Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, Madison, NJ., 2001, pp. 528, ISBN:0838639429

Top of Page.


Ahmad ibn Naqib al-Misri, Reliance of the Traveller: A Classic Manual of Islamic Sacred Law, Translated by Nuh Ha Mim Keller, Amana Publications, Beltsville, MD, 1997 Revised Edition, pp. 1232, (Arabic & English). ISBN 0-915957-72-8

Ajijola, Alhaji, Introduction to Islamic Law, International Islamic Publishers, New Delhi, India, 1989, pp. 410.

Ajijola, Alhaji, What is Shariah? Adam Publishers & Distributors, Delhi, India, 1998, pp. 370, ISBN: 81-7436-129-8.

Al-Masri, Abu Hamza, Ruling By Man-Made Law: Is it Minor or Major Kufr? Explaining the Words of Ibn Abbas, Edited by Ibn Umar, Series: Enjoining What is Right and Forbidding What is Wrong (2), Supporters of Shari'ah Publishers, London, England, 1996, pp. 50.

Bindman, Yirmeyahu, The Seven Colors of the Rainbow: Torah ethics for Non-Jews.  Resource Publications, Inc, San Jose, CA 1995, pp. 138, ISBN: 0-89390-332-9. 

Doi, A. Rahman I., Sharī'ah: The Islamic Law, A.S. Noordeen, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 4th printing, 1998, pp. 484, ISBN: 967-9963-33-0.

El-Awa, Mohamed S., Punishment in Islamic Law: A Comparative Study, Markazi Maktaba Islami, Delhi, India, 1983, pp. 147.

Ezzati, A., Islam and Natural Law, Islamic College for Advanced Studies Press, London, England, 2002, pp. 228, ISBN: 1-904063-05-5 (pb)

Fyzee, Asaf A.A., Outlines of Muhammadan Law, 4th Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, Engliand, 1974, pp. 520.

Hilal, Iyad, Studies In Usul Ul Fiqh, 3rd Edition, Islamic Cultural Workshop, Walnut, CA, pp. 195.

Lester, Toby, What Is The Koran?, The Atlantic Monthly, 1999, Volume 283, No. 1, pages 43-56. 

Lichtenstein, Aaron, The Seven Laws of Noah, The Rabbi Jacob Joseph School Press, New York, NY, 1981 (3rd edition, 1995) pp. 126.

Macdonald, Duncan B., Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudance and Constitutional Theory, Charles Scribner, New York, NY, 1903, pp. 386.

Malik, ibn Anas (Imam), Al-Muwatta: The First Formulation of Islamic Law, Translated by Aisha A. Bewley, Madinah Press Granada, Spain, 1989, pp. 465

Mehdi, Rubya, The Islamization of the Law in Pakistan, Series: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Monograph, No 60, Curzon Press, Richmond, Surrey, England, 1994, pp. 329, ISBN: 0700702369.

Maududi, Sayyid A., The Islamic Law and Constitution, Translated by Khurshid Ahmad, Islamic Publications, Ltd., Lahore, Pakistan, 12th Edition, 1997, pp. 412.

Murad, Abdal Hakim, Understanding The Four Madhhabs: The Facts About Ijtihad and Taqlid, Islamic Publications International, Oneonta, NY, pp. 32, ISBN: 1-889999-07-5

Muslehuddin, Mohammad, Judicial System of Islam, Its Origin And Development, Dr. Muslehuddin Islamic Trust, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan, 1988, pp. 157.

Novak, David, Natural Law in Judaism, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 1998, pp. 210. ISBN: 0-521-63170-X.

'Oudah, Adbul Qadir, Criminal Law of Islam, Translated by S. Zakir Aijaz, Kitab Bhavan, New Delhi, India, 1999 (Improved edition), ISBN: 81-7151-273-9 (set), Four volume set.

Price, Daniel E., Islamic Political Culture, Democracy, and Human Rights, Praeger Publishers, Westport, Conn, 1999, pp. 240, ISBN 0-275-96187-7

Rahman, S.A., Punishment of Apostasy in Islam, Kitab Bhavan, New Delhi, India, 1996, pp. 144. ISBN: 81-7151-215-1.

Rakover, Nahum, Law and the Noahides: Law as a Universal Value, The Library of Jewish Law, Jerusalem, Israel, 1998, pp. 148.

Schacht, Joseph, An Introduction To Islamic Law, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 1964 (Reprinted 1998), pp. 304. ISBN: 0-19-825473-3.

Top of Page.


Glubb, John B, The Life and Times of Muhammad, Stein & Day, New York, N.Y., 1970, pp. 416. (Reprinted by Madison Books, Lanham, Maryland, 1998), ISBN: 1-56833112-6

Guillaume, Alfred, New light on the life of Muhammad (A summary of the contents of a manuscript which contains Yunus ibn Bukayr's report of lectures delivered by Ibn Ishaq), Manchester University Press, Manchester, England, Series: Journal of Semitic studies. Monograph; no. 1, 1960, pp. 59.

Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, Translated by A. Guillaume, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, (Re-issued in Karachi, Pakistan, 1967, 13th impression, 1998) 1955, pp.815.

Kenny, Joseph, The Ethics of War and Peace Emerging from the Sîra of Ibn-Ishâq

Hamid, Abdul W., Companions of the Prophet, Book One, Revised, Mels, London, England, 1995 (Reprinted 1998), pp. 269.

Hamid, Abdul W., Companions of the Prophet, Book Two, Revised, Mels, London, England, 1995 (Reprinted 1998), pp. 263.

Margoliouth, D.S. (1858-1940), Mohammedanism, (Revised 1912), Thornton Butterworth Ltd., London, England, 1911, pp. 255.

Margoliouth, D. S. (1858-1940), Mohammed, In Series: What did they teach? Blackie & Son, London, England, University, Macmillan & Company, Ltd, 1939, pp. 151.

Margoliouth, D. S. (1858-1940), Mohammed and The Rise of Islam, G. P. Putnam's Sons, London, England, 1905, pp. 481.

Margoliouth, D. S. (1858-1940), The Early Development of Mohammedanism, Hibbert Lectures 1913, Williams and Norgate, London, England, 1914, pp. 265.

Qadi 'Iyad ibn Musa al-Yahsubi, Muhammad: Messenger of Allah (Ash-Shifa of Qadi 'Iyad) Translated by Aisha A. Bewley, Madinah Press Iverness, Scotland, 1991, pp. 55112, ISBN 1 874216 26 2

Salah, Adil, Muhammad: Man and Prophet, Barnes and Noble Books, New York, NY, 1995 (First edition 1988) pp. 752.

Sell, Edward, The Life of Muhammad, The Christian Literature Society For India, London, Madras and Colombo, 1913, pp. 239.

Warraq, Ibn (Editor), The Quest for the Historical Muhammad, Prometheus Books, Amherst, New York, 2000, pp. 554, ISBN 1-57392-787-2

Top of Page.


Al-Ghazali, The Incoherence of the Philosophers, Translated by Michael E. Marmura, The Islamic Translation Series, Brigham Young University Press, Provo, Utah, 1997, pp. 260.

Al-Ghazali, The Faith and Practice of Al-Ghazali, (This volume contains two works by Al-Ghazali: 1. Deliverance from Error and the Attachment to The Lord of Might and Majesty. 2. The Beginning of Guidance), Translated by W.M. Watt, 1952.

Behishti, Muhammad H. and Javad Bahonar, Philosophy of Islam, Ansariyan Publications, Iran, 1990, pp. 578.

Husaini, S.A.Q., The Pantheistic Monism of Ibn Al-'Arabi, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf Publications, Lahore, Pakistan, 1945 (Reprinted 1992), pp. 250.

Ibn Taymiyya, Against the Greek Logicians, Translated by Wael B. Hallaq, Clarendon Press Oxford, Oxford, England, 1993, pp.204.

Khan, Khaja, The Philosophy of Islam, Sh. Muhammad Ashraf Publications, Lahore, Pakistan, 1903 (Reprinted 19770, pp. 132.

Ibn Rushd, (1126-1198), Averroes Tahafut al-Tahafut (The Incoherence of the Incoherence). Vol. I: Translation, Vol. II: Commentary and notes. Translated by Simon Van Den Bergh. Repr. of the 1954 ed., E.J.W. GIBB Memorial New Series No. 19, Luzac, London, England, 1987 (Vol. I: xxxvi, p.374; Vol. II: p. 219, notes, intro.)

Ibn Rushd, (1126-1198), Ibn Rushd's Metaphysics: A Translation with Introduction of Ibn Rushd's Commentary on Aristotle's Metaphysics, Book Lam, Translated by C. Genequand, E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, 1986, pp. 216.

Watt, W.M., Islamic Philosophy and Theology: An Extended Survey, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1962 (Reprinted 1995), pp. 175.

Top of Page.


Ahmad Ali M. 'Abdallah, The Variant Readings of the Quran: A Critical Study of Their Historical and Linguistic Origins, Academic Dissertations Series, 4, International Institute of Islamic Thought, Herndon, VA, 1998, pp. 191, ISBN: 1565642309

Ali, Abdullah Yusuf, The Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary, Tahrike Tarsile Qur'an, Inc, Elmhurst, New York, U.S. Edition 1987, pp. 1862, ISBN: 0-940368-32-3.

Ali, Abdullah Yusuf, Roman Transliteration Of The Holy Qur'an, Dar Al Furqan, Beirut, Lebanon, 1934, pp.607.

Ali, Orooj Ahmed, Al-Qur'an, Princeton University Press, (First Published by Akrash Publishing, Karachi, Pakistan, 1984) Princeton, NJ, 1993, pp. 572, ISBN: 0-691-07499-2

Al-Hilali, Muhammad and Muhammad M. Khan, Interpretation of the Meanings of The Noble Qur'an: A summarized Version of Al-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi, and Ibn Kathir with comments from Sahih Al-Bukhari, Kazi Publications, Lahore, Pakistan, First Edition 1989, Nine volume set.

Al-Hilali, Muhammad and Muhammad M. Khan, Interpretation of the Meanings of The Noble Qur'an: A summarized Version of Al-Tabari, Al-Qurtubi, and Ibn Kathir with comments from Sahih Al-Bukhari, Summarized in One Volume, Darussalam Publishers, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1996, pp. 1006, ISBN: 9960-740-79-X

Bell, Richard (1876-1952), The Origin of Islam in its Christian Environment, In: The Gunning Lecture, 1925, Edinburgh University, Macmillan & Company, Ltd, 1926, pp. 224.

Denffer, A.V., 'Ulum al-Qur'an: An Introduction to the Sciences of the Qur'an, The Islamic Foundation, Leicester, United Kingdom, 1983 (2nd Edition 1994), pp. 200.

Gairdner, W.H.T. (1873 - 1928), Iskandar 'Abdu'l-Masih, and Sali 'Abdu'l-Ahad, The Verse of Stoning in the Bible and the Qur'an, In: The Islam Series, The Christian Literature Society For India, London, Madras, and Colombo, 1910, pp. 31.

Gardner, W. R. W., The Doctrine of Man, Christian Literature Society for India, London, Madras, and Colombo, 1913, pp. 48.

Gardner, W. R. W., The Qur'anic Doctrine of God, Christian Literature Society for India, London, England, 1916, pp. 96.

Gardner, W. R. W., The Qur'anic Doctrine of Salvation, Christian Literature Society for India, London, England, 1914, pp. 59.

Gardner, W. R. W., The Qur'anic Doctrine of Sin, Christian Literature Society for India, London, England, 1914, pp. 43.

Katsh, Abraham, Judaism in Islam: Biblical and Talmudic Backgrounds of the Koran and Its Commentaries, Sepher-Hermon Press, New York, NY, 1980, 3d ed. pp. 265.

Lüling, Günter, Challenge to Islam for Reformation: The Rediscovery and reliable Reconstruction of a comprehensive pre-Islamic Christian Hymnal hidden in the Koran under earliest Islamic Reinterpretations, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, India, 2003, pp. 580, ISBN: 8120819527

Luxenberg, Christoph, Die syro-aramaeische Lesart des Koran; Ein Beitrag zur Entschlüsselung der Qur’ānsprache. Berlin, Germany: Das Arabische Buch, First Edition, 2000. pp. 311, ISBN 3-86093-274-8.

Luxenberg, Christoph, The Syro-Aramaic Reading of the Koran: A Contribution to the Decoding of the language of the Koran, 2007, pp. 349, ISBN: 3899300882.

Malik, S.K., The Quranic Concept of Power, Progressive Publishers, Lahore, Pakistan, 1991, pp. 444.

Malik, S.K., The Quranic Concept of War, Wajidalis, Lahore, Pakistan, 1979, pp. 159.

Mingana, Alphonse and Agnes S.Lewis, Leaves from three ancient Qurâns, possibly pre-'Othmânic: with a list of their variants, University of Cambridge Press, Cambridge, England, 1914, xlv, 75 p., (Arabic, preface and introduction in English)

Muir, William, The Coran. Its Composition and Teaching; and the Testimony It Bears to the Holy Scriptures, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, England, 1878, pp. 239.

Nöldeke, Theodor (1836-1930), Geschichte des Qorâns, T. Weicher, Leipzig, Germany, 1909

Nöldeke, Theodor (1836-1930), Geschichte des Qorâns, Teil I:  Über den Ursprung des Qorâns, Zweite Anflage, Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Leipzig, Germany, 1909, pp. 262.

Nöldeke, Theodor (1836-1930), Geschichte des Qorâns, Teil II:  Die Sammlung des Qorâns, Zweite Anflage, Völlig umgearbeitet von Friedrich Schwally, Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Leipzig, Germany, 1919, pp. 224.

Nöldeke, Theodor (1836-1930), Geschichte des Qorāns, Dritter Teil: Die Geschichte des Qorāntexts, von G. Bergsträsser, Dieterich’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Leipzig, Deutschland, 1926, pp. 351.

Palmer, E.H., The Koran (Qur'an), Oxford University Press, London, England, 1900 (Reprinted 1951), pp. 551.

Phenix Jr., Robert R., Cornelia B. Horn, Book Review: Christoph Luxenberg, Die syro-aramaeische Lesart des Koran; Ein Beitrag zur Entschlüsselung der Qur’ānsprache, Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies, January 2003, Vol. 6, No. 1.

Philips, A.A.B., Usool at-Tafseer: The Methodology of Qur'aanic Explanation, Dar Al Fatah, Sharjah, U.A.E., 1997, pp. 344.

Pickthall, Marmaduke, The Meaning Of The Glorious Koran, Everyman's Library, New York, NY, Edition 1992, pp. 693.

Qadhi, Abu Ammar Yasir, An Introduction to the Sciences of the Qur'an, Al-Hidaayyah Publishing and Distributing, Birmingham, UK, pp. 474, ISBN 1 898649 32 4

Rodwell J. M., The Koran, Everyman's Library No. 380, J.M. Dent Publishers, London, England, 1909, pp. 509. (The version of the Qur'an has been re-arranged to correspond to its chronological order)

Sale, George (1697-1736), The Koran, translated into English from the original Arabic with explanatory notes from the most approved commentators, Sale's Preliminary Discourse, Introduction by Sir Edward D. Ross, Frederick Warne & Co., Ltd., London, England, pp. 608.

Sell, Edward (1869-1932), The Historical Development of the Qur'an, (Facsimile of [probably] the 4th ed., London, 1923), People International, Tunbridge Wells, England, 1989?, pp. 206.

Sell, Edward (1839-1932), The Recensions of the Qur'an, by Rev. Canon Sell, Christian Literature Society, Madras, 1909, p. 26. (Arabic edition)

Shakir, M.H., The Qur'an, Tahrike Tarsile Qur'an, Inc, Elmhurst, NY, 6th Edition 1990, pp.452.

Tisdall, W. St. Clair(1859-1928), The Original Sources of the Qur'an, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (S.P.C.K.), London, England, 1911, pp. 287.

Warraq, Ibn (Editor), The Origins of the Koran: Classic Essays on Islam's Holy Book, Prometheus Books, Amherst, New York, 1998, pp. 411.

Top of Page..


Shah, Idries, The Way of the Sufi, Penguin Books (Arkana), New York, NY, 1968 (Reprinted 1990), pp. 314.

Top of Page..


Bodansky, Yossef, Bin Laden: The Man Who Declared War on America, Prima Publishing, Roseville, CA, 95661, 2001, pp. 464, ISBN 0-7615-3581-0 

Trifkovic, Serge, The Sword of the Prophet, BHB International, 2002, pp. 312, ISBN: 1928653111 (Description by Regina Orthodox)

Top of Page.

Theology: Moral

'Adi, Yahya ibn, The Reformation of Morals: A Parallel Arabic-English Text,(Kitab tahdhib al-akhlaq) Translated by Sidney H. Griffith, Brigham Young University Press, Provo, UT, 2002, pp. 133, ISBN: 0-934893-69-1

Budziszewski, J., The Resurrection of Nature: Political Theory and the Human Character, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1986, pp. 218, ISBN 0-8014-1900-X

Budziszewski, J., The Revenge of Conscience: Politics and the and the Fall of Man, Spence Publishing Co., Dallas, TX, USA, 1999, pp. 164, ISBN 1-890626-16-3

Budziszewski, J., Written on the Heart: The Case for Natural Law, InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, IL, 1997, pp. 252, ISBN 0-8308-1891-X

Cicero, Marcus Tullius, Cicero in Twenty-Eight Volumes: XVI De Re Publica, De Legibus, in The Republic III(XXII), Trans, C. W. Keyes, Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press, 1988.

Lewis, C.S., The Abolition of Man, Touchstone Book, New York, NY, 1996 Edition, pp. 109, ISBN 0684823713

Lewis, C.S., Mere Christianity, Touchstone Book, New York, NY, Revised Edition 1952 (1996 Edition), pp. 191, ISBN 0-684-82378-0

Geisler, N., and F. Turek, Legislating Morality: Is it Wise? Is it Legal? Is it possibe?, Bethany House Publishers, Minneapolis, MN, 1998, pp. 272, ISBN 0-7642-2228-7

Mortimer, R.C., The Elements of Moral Theology, A & C Black, London, England, 1961, pp. 236.

O'Connell, Francis J., Outlines of Moral Theology, Bruce Publishing Co, Milwaukee, WI, 1953. pp. 247.

Wu, John C.H., Fountain of Justice: A Study in the Natural Law, Sheed & Ward, Inc., New York, NY, USA, 1955, pp. 287.

Top of Page.

Theology: Muslim

Al-Halveti, Sheikh Tosum Bayrak (Compiled by), The Most Beautiful Names, Threshold Books, Putney, Vermont, 1985, pp. 164.

Goldziher, Ignaz, Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law, Translated by A. Hamori, & R. Hamori, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1981, pp. 302.

Padwick, Constance E., Muslim Devotions: A Study of Prayer-Manuals in Common Use, Oneworld Publications, Oxford, England, 1961(Reprinted 1996), pp. 313. ISBN: 1-85168-115-9

Philips, A.A.B., The Fundamentals of Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism), International Islamic Publishing House, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1994, pp. 213.

Top of Page..

Theology: Natural

Gornall, Thomas, A Philosophy of God: The Elements of Thomist Natural Theology,  Sheed and Ward, New York, NY, 1962.

Holloway, Maurice R., An Introduction To Natural Theology, Appleton Century Crofts, New York, NY, 1959, pp. 492.

Klubertanz, George and M. Holloway, Being and God: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Being and to Natural Theology, Appleton Century Crofts, New York, NY, 1963, pp. 382.

Mercier, Cardinal, A Manual of Modern Scholastic Philosophy Volume 2: Natural Theology, Logic, Ethics, History of Philosophy, 3rd English Edition, Lon. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, England, 1952, pp. 542.

Paley, William, Natural Theology or Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, Society For Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, England, 1853, pp. 436.

Theology: Sacred

'Adi, Yahya ibn (ca. 893-974). Maqalah fi al-tawhid, li-Yahyá ibn 'Adi ; haqqaqaha 'an al-makhtutat wa-qaddama laha Samir Khalil. Juniyah, Lubnan: al-Maktabah al-Bulisiyah; Rumah, Italiya: al-Ma'had al-Babawi al-Sharqi, 1980. pp. 307.

Aquinas, Thomas, Summa Theologica, Translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Province, Christian Classics, Westminster, Maryland, Reprinted 1981, ISBN: 0-87061-063-5, 5 volumes.

Chafer, Lewis S.(1871-1952), Systematic Theology, (8 volumes reprinted in 4 books), Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, MI, 1993, ISBN: 0-8254-2340-6.

Gaebelein, Arno C., The Gospel of Matthew: An Exposition, Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune, NJ, 1910 (Reprinted 1961), pp. 624, ISBN: 0-87213-221-8.

Hall, Francis J., Dogmatic Theology, Volume VI: The Incarnation, 1915 (Reprinted 1921), The American Church Union, Pelham Manor, NY, pp. 353.

Ironside, H.A., Lectures on Daniel the Prophet, Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune, NJ, 1920 (2nd Edition), pp. 253, ISBN: 0-87213-357-5.

MacDonald, William, Believer's Bible Commentary, Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, TN, 1995, pp. 2383, ISBN: 0-8407-1972-8.

Morey, Robert, The Trinity: Evidence and Issues, Word Bible Publishers, Inc., Iowa Falls, IA, 1996, pp. 587, ISBN: 0-529-10692-2.

Scott, Walter, Exposition of the Revelation of Jesus Christ, (4th Edition), Pickering & Inglis Ltd., London, England, pp. 456.

Strauss, Lehman, The Godhead: Devotional Studies on the Three Persons of the Trinity, Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune, NJ, 1990, pp. 622, ISBN: 0-87213-824-0.

Walvoord, John F., Jesus Christ Our Lord, Moody Press, Chicago, IL, 1969, pp. 318, ISBN: 0-8024-4326-5.

Walvoord, John F., The Holy Spirit: A Comprehensive Study of the Person and Work of the Holy Spirit, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1965 (Reprinted 1991), pp. 288, ISBN: 0-310-34061-6.

Last edited 09/24/2000
Top of Page.