A Muslim wrote,
"Christianity believes in the "Original Sin"
and that we all inherited the sin of Adam hence we are all
born "sinful" while Islam teaches that we are all
born "sinless" and with a clean slate. We are
responsible only for what we ourselves have done.
..Christianity basically "Blames you for something you
did not do (Adam)"
On the surface, the Muslim's charge seems reasonable.
Because, if Allah were to condemn a person to hell just
because he was in the lineage of Adam, it would seem unjust
and cruel. Christians would agree with this assessment. Allah
acts with fair and holy justice. Hence, logically, Allah does
not condemn persons to hell simply because they are human beings.
In fact, Holy Scripture gives the clear reasons for the
judgment of human beings. It says that each person will be
judged according to what he had done. Nowhere in the
Scriptures does it say that human beings will be condemned to
hell because they were an off-spring of Adam. The book of
Revelation Chapter 20 verses 11 to 13 makes this absolutely clear.
11 Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated
on it. Earth and sky fled from his presence, and there was no
place for them.
12 And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the
throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which
is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what
they had done as recorded in the books.
13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and
Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person
was judged according to what he had done. Rev 20:11-13 (NIV)
رَأَيْتُ عَرْشاً عَظِيماً
أَبْيَضَ هَرَبَتِ السَّمَاءُ
وَالأَرْضُ مِنْ أَمَامِ
الْجَالِسِ عَلَيْهِ، فَلَمْ
يَبْقَ لَهُمَا مَكَانٌ
وَفُتِحَتِ الْكُتُبُ، ثُمَّ
فُتِحَ كِتَابٌ آخَرُ هُوَ
سِجِلُّ الْحَيَاةِ، وَدِينَ
الأَمْوَاتُ بِحَسَبِ مَا هُوَ
مُدَوَّنٌ فِي تِلْكَ
الْكُتُبِ، كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ
الْبَحْرُ مَنْ فِيهِ مِنَ
الَّذِينَ فِيهِمَا، وَحُكِمَ
عَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ بِحَسَبِ
Again, the gospel account of Matthew affirms this too. The coming judgment of the living is not based upon
being an offspring of Adam. It is based upon what the person
did during his life.
Did the person care for the stranger who was hungry and
thirsty? Did the person provide the stranger with clothes and
medicine? Did the person visit the stranger when he was in
31 "When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all
the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly
32 All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will
separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates
the sheep from the goats.
33 He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his
34 "Then the King will say to those on his right,
'Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your
inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation
of the world.
35 For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was
thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger
and you invited me in,
36 I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you
looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.'
37 "Then the righteous will answer him, 'Lord, when
did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you
something to drink?
38 When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or
needing clothes and clothe you?
39 When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit
40 "The King will reply, 'I tell you the truth,
whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of
mine, you did for me.'
41 "Then he will say to those on his left, 'Depart
from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared
for the devil and his angels.
42 For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was
thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink,
43 I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed
clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison
and you did not look after me.'
44 "They also will answer, 'Lord, when did we see you
hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or
in prison, and did not help you?'
45 "He will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you
did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for
46 "Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but
the righteous to eternal life." Matt 25:31-46 (NIV)
|وَتَجْتَمِعُ أَمَامَهُ الشُّعُوبُ كُلُّهَا، فَيَفْصِلُ بَعْضَهُمْ عَنْ بَعْضٍ كَمَا يَفْصِلُ الرَّا
عِي الْغَنَمَ عَنِ الْمِعَازِ،
|فَيُوقِفُ الْغَنَمَ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ، وَالْمِعَازِ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ؛
|ثُمَّ يَقُولُ الْمَلِكُ لِلَّذِينَ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ: تَعَالَوْا يَامَنْ بَارَكَهُمْ أَبِي، رِثُوا الْمَلَكُوتَ الَّذِي أُعِدَّ لَكُمْ مُنْذُ إِنْشَاءِ الْعَالَمِ:
|لأَنِّي جُعْتُ فَأَطْعَمْتُمُونِي، عَطِشْتُ فَسَقَيْتُمُونِي، كُنْتُ غَرِيباً فَآوَيْتُمُونِي،
|عُرْيَاناً فَكَسَوْتُمُونِي، مَرِيضاً فَزُرْتُمُونِي، سَجِيناً فَأَتَيْتُمْ
|وَمَتَى رَأَيْنَاكَ غَرِيباً فَآوَيْنَاكَ، أَوْ عُرْيَاناً فَكَسَوْنَاكَ؟
|وَمَتَى رَأَيْنَاكَ مَرِيضاً أَوْ سَجِيناً فَزُرْنَاكَ؟
|فَيُجِيبُهُمُ الْمَلِكُ: الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: بِمَا أَنَّكُمْ فَعَلْتُمْ ذَلِكَ بِأَحَدِ إِخْوَتِي هَؤُلاَءِ الصِّغَارِ، فَبِي فَعَلْتُمْ،
|ثُمَّ يَقُولُ لِلَّذِينَ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ: ابْتَعِدُوا عَنِّي يَامَلاَعِينُ إِلَى النَّارِ الأَبَدِيَّةِ الْمُعَدَّةِ ِلإِبْلِيسَ وَأَعْوَانِهِ!
|لأَنِّي جُعْتُ فَلَمْ تُطْعِمُونِي، وَعَطِشْتُ فَلَمْ تَسْقُونِي،
|كُنْتُ غَرِيباً فَلَمْ تَأْوُونِي، عُرْيَاناً فَلَمْ تَكْسُونِي، مَرِيضاً وَسَجِيناً فَلَمْ تَزُورُونِي!
|فَيَرُدُّ هَؤُلاَءِ أَيْضاً قَائِلِينَ: يَارَبُّ، مَتَى رَأَيْنَاكَ جَائِعاً أَوْ عَطْشَاناً أَوْ غَرِيباً أَوْ عُرْيَاناً أَوْ مَرِيضاً أَوْ سَجِيناً، وَلَمْ نَخْدِمْكَ؟
|فَيُجِيبُهُمْ: الْحَقَّ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ: بِمَا أَنَّكُمْ لَمْ تَفْعَلُوا ذَلِكَ بِأَحَدِ إِخْوَتِي هَؤُلاَءِ الصِّغَارِ، فَبِي لَمْ تَفْعَلُوا!
|فَيَذْهَبُ هَؤُلاَءِ إِلَى الْعِقَابِ الأَبَدِيِّ، وَالأَبْرَارُ إِلَى الْحَيَاةِ الأَبَدِيَّةِ«!
So, we repeat that scripture does not say that human beings
will be eternally judged because of what Adam did. Everyone
will be judged because of their own individual sin and wickedness.
Individual actions of kindness and love are vitally
important, because they reflect the true nature of Allah.
Allah is not impressed by mechanical religious acts. In fact,
Allah hates mechanical acts of devotion. They are useful only
as fuel for the flames of hell.
If human beings are not responsible for the sin of Adam,
then, "What do Christians mean by the concept of Original
First of all, it means that Adam and Eve were the first
ones to sin. Originally, Adam and Eve were in the Garden of
Eden. As a result of their sin, they were judged and made
to leave the garden of Eden. Genesis Chapter 3 states,
16 To the woman he said, "I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you."
17 To Adam he said, "Because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, 'You must not eat of it,' "Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life.
18 It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field.
19 By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return."
23 So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken.
Gen 3:16-19, 23 (NIV)
ثُمَّ قَالَ لِلْمَرْأَةِ: «
أُكَثِّرُ تَكْثِيراً أَوْجَاعَ مَخَاضِكِ فَتُنْجِبِينَ بِالآلاَمِ أَوْلاَداً، وَإِلَى زَوْجِكِ يَكُونُ اشْتِيَاقُكِ وَهُوَ يَتَسَلَّطُ عَلَيْكِ.«
وَقَالَ لِآدَمَ:«لأَنَّكَ أَذْعَنْتَ لِقَوْلِ امْرَأَتِكَ، وَأَكَلْتَ مِنَ الشَّجَرَةِ الَّتِي نَهَيْتُكَ عَنْهَا، فَالأَرْضُ مَلْعُونَةٌ بِسَبَبِكَ وَبِالْمَشَقَّةِ تَقْتَاتُ مِنْهَا طَوَالَ عُمْرِكَ.
شَوْكاً وَحَسَكاً تُنْبِتُ لَكَ، وَأَنْتَ تَأْكُلُ عُشْبَ الْحَقْلِ.
بِعَرَقِ جَبِينِكَ تَكْسَبُ عَيْشَكَ حَتَّى تَعُودَ إِلَى الأَرْضِ، فَمِنْ تُرَابٍ أُخِذْتَ، وَإِلَى تُرَابٍ تَعُودُ.«
فَأَخْرَجَهُ مِنْ جَنَّةِ عَدْنٍ لِيَفْلَحَ الأَرْضَ الَّتِي أُخِذَ مِنْ تُرَابِهَا.
In summary, Allah's judgment
included the following (Genesis 3:16-19),
1. Adam and Eve were banished from the garden of Eden.
They would not have the same sense of Allah presence with them as they
had when they were in the garden of Eden. Spiritually
speaking, they became 'lost.'
2. Eve would have pain in childbirth.
3 Adam would have to work hard for sustenance.
4. Adam and Eve would die.
So, Original Sin refers to the past sin of Adam and Eve and
the past judgment of Allah for the first human sin. The
Original sin has already be judged, so it makes no sense to
think that subsequent human beings will be judged for Adam and
sin. Scripture is clear that humans will be judged for their
own individual sins.
What about the effects of the judgment of Allah for the original
sin of Adam and Eve? It seems that the consequences of Adam and
are with us today. The penalty for the Original Sin is all
1. Human beings don't live in the Garden of Eden.
2. Women have pain in childbirth.
3. Humans have to work for their food.
4. Human beings die.
To deny the existence of Original Sin is to deny the four
Now, it would seem difficult for a Muslim to deny these four
facts. Death occurs as much for a dog as it does for a
prophet. Muhammad died, and his flesh became food for maggots and
worms. All that remains of his body is dust and possibly
some dry bones. His tomb (Maksurah) in Medina (Al-Madinah) is a popular destination during Hajj.
It is located within the Masjid an-Nabwi
(Prophets' mosque) which features a green dome with 10
minarets. Muslim pilgrims may reject the notion of Original Sin,
but Muhammad's tomb witnesses to them during Hajj that the
doctrine of Original Sin is true. Muhammad himself could not escape the
If Adam and Eve had not sinned, then all human beings would
still be enjoying the presence of Allah in the Garden of Eden.
There would be no pain, no toiling, nor death. Human beings would not have
lost their way before Allah. There would be no need for
prophets or a Savior.
In conclusion, the Christian doctrine of Original Sin
corresponds to present-day reality. A person might deny its
truth and might even preach against it. Yet, people are
lost; they die; they experience birthing pain, and someone
must work hard for life's necessities. You cannot escape
Original Sin. As much as people would like to be eternally
youthful, they die. Those in the past who preached against
Original Sin were conquered by it and now their mortal remains
lie buried beneath the ground until the Day of Judgment. Every tomb and graveyard
silently cries out, proclaiming the truthfulness of the
doctrine of Original Sin.
When the Day of Resurrection occurs, each person was
judged according to what he had done (Rev 20:13). What Adam
and Eve did in the Garden of Eden does not determine your future destiny when The Judgment of the Last Day arrives. So,
dear Reader be concerned about your own sins and the coming
judgment of the Last Day.
Last edited 10/19/2000
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